Effects of Using Instructional Media on Eye Cleansing and Administration of Eye Drops and Eye Ointment for Clinical Practicum of Nursing Students at Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok
Keywords:quasi-experimental research, eye cleansing, eye drop and eye ointment administration
Introduction: Ophthalmic nursing is important as it can cause infection and blindness if perform improperly. Therefore, video media about eye cleansing and administration eye drops and ointment will enable nursing students to gain knowledge and understanding about the procedure before clinical practicing. They can also teach patients and their relatives to return to practice at home correctly as well. Research objective: The aimed of this study was to evaluate the effects of the instructional media on eye cleansing and administration of eye drops and eye ointment Research methodology: This Quasi- Experimental Research which was developed according to the ADDIE Model. The study was conducted from March to June 2018 comprised of the media development phase and the media evaluation phase of student’s performance test and satisfaction. The sample of 40 was selected from the 2nd year nursing students at Boromarajonani College of Nursing Bangkok during their clinical practicum at eye ward and ENT ward. Research instruments included 1) the instructional media which assessed for quality of media production by two educational technology experts and content validity by three ophthalmic nurse practitioner experts, The quality of instructional media and content validity on eye cleansing and administration of eye drops and eye ointment using the Index of Item-Objective Congruence = 0.85. 2) the skill performance test on eye cleansing and administration of eye drops and eye ointment. The reliability was at high level, Cronbach’s alpha of 0.93., and 3) the satisfaction questionnaire towards the instructional media of nursing students. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistic. Results: 1) The quality of instructional media and content validity on eye cleansing and administration of eye drops and eye ointment using the Index of Item-Objective Congruence ranged 0.6-1.0. 2) The skill performance of nursing students on eye cleansing and administration of eye drops and eye ointment were 75% at very good level, 10% at good level, 5% at moderate level, and 10 % at low level. 3) The overall satisfaction towards the instructional media was at very high level with mean score of 4.75 (SD =.31). The satisfaction in each dimension was at very high levels in all 4 dimensions including content and presentation, media components, pictures, and voices and language. Conclusion: The instructional media is effective and suitable for teaching and learning of students prior to start their clinical practicum. Implications: This study found that the instructional media is effective. Nursing students can use this media for skill practices reviews and for preparing of skills readiness before practice in a clinical setting.
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