Effects of Health Promotion Program on Body Mass Index and Health Behaviors of Nursing Students, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok

Main Article Content

Vidaporn Dhabdhimsri
Jintana Rungsa

Abstract

Introduction: Health promotion is most likely to benefit participants when it is guided by social and behavioral science theories of health behavior and health behavior change. Research objectives: The study aimed to investigate the effects of health promotion program on body mass index (BMI) and health behaviors of nursing students, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok. Research methodology: The study used a quasi-experimental, two-group, pretest-posttest design. Participants were selected using a purposive sampling technique according to inclusion criteria (BMI > 22.9) with similar features, and then randomly assigned to two groups of 30 each, namely, experimental and control. The experimental group received a health promotion program guided by the Pender’s concept. The program consists of inspiring, health promotion education, healthy food, exercise, stress management and focus group. Instrument was a set of health-promoting behavior questionnaires consisting of 45 items. Item Objective Congruence (IOC) index was 0.94 and a confidence coefficient was 0.81. Data were collected using general information sheet, and health-promoting behaviors. Data were analyzed using paired and independent t-tests. Level of significance was set at p< .05. Results: At baseline, mean scores of health promoting behaviors in the experimental and control groups were 164.13 (SD=13.17), and 164.83 (SD=11.94); and mean scores of BMI were 26.46 (SD=4.63), and 26.93(SD=3.36), respectively. Also, there was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups at baseline. At follow-up, mean score of health-promoting behaviors in the experimental group (mean=183.80, SD=13.17) was higher than the control group (mean=170.20, SD=11.94); and BMI of the experimental group (mean=25.28, SD=4.06) was less than the control group (mean=27.53, SD=3.47). There were significant differences between the experimental group and control group, both at baseline and follow-up (p<0.05). Conclusions: The results showed that health promotion program can help control BMI and attained better health behaviors of nursing students Implications: The findings of this study could be continuously and annually used as a guideline to develop health promotion program for nursing students or adapted to fit their individual context to promote better health.

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How to Cite
Dhabdhimsri, V., & Rungsa, J. (2021). Effects of Health Promotion Program on Body Mass Index and Health Behaviors of Nursing Students, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok. Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok), 37(2), 251-262. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bcnbangkok/article/view/245573
Section
Research articles
Author Biography

Vidaporn Dhabdhimsri, วิทยาลัยพยาบาลบรมราชชนนี กรุงเทพ

การทดสอบและวัดประเมินผล ปร.ด.มศว ประสานมิตร

การพยาบาลอายุรศาสตร์และศัลยศาสตร์ พย.ม. เชียงใหม่

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