Factors Predicting HIV Preventive Behaviors among Male Youths Who Have Sex with Men in Bangkok


  • Panjarut Laisuwannachart Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Naruemon Auemaneekul Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Arpaporn Powwattana Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand


HIV preventive behaviors, young men who have sex with men, The ecological model


This study was a cross-sectional study aiming at exploring factors predicting HIV preventive behaviors among young men who have sex with men in Bangkok Metropolitan areas by applying the Ecological Model (McLeroy et. al. 1988) as the conceptual framework. Samples were youth males aged between 18-24 years old who resided or worked in Bangkok. The snowball sampling technique was employed with all 386 youth males. Data collection was manipulated by the online self-administered questionnaire, conducted between November and December 2019. Descriptive statistics and Stepwise Multiple Linear Regression were managed for data analysis with p-value at .05.

Results reported that the majority of participants had HIV preventive risk behaviors score reaching the risky level at 91.50%. In addition, predicting factors for HIV preventive behaviors among young men who had sex with men including the access to information and policy about HIV infection among YMSM (β = .163, p < .05), the unknown status of sexual transmission disease infection of their partners (β = .138, p < .05), drinking alcohol (β = -.127, p < .05), the disclosure of sexual status to the public (β = .149, p < .05) and knowledge in HIV preventive behaviors among young men who had sex with men (β = .136, p < .05). These findings were able to predict HIV preventive behaviors among young men who had sex with men at 21.2% (R2 = .212, p < .001).

Findings delineated the importance of HIV preventive behaviors among young men who had sex with men that they should emphasize on the coverage of multi-level preventive factors, particularly factors at the public policy level. This is performed through the access of information and the policy of HIV prevention in young men who have sex with men, and the intrapersonal factors towards HIV preventive behaviors among young men who have sex with men.


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How to Cite

Laisuwannachart P, Auemaneekul N, Powwattana A. Factors Predicting HIV Preventive Behaviors among Male Youths Who Have Sex with Men in Bangkok. JHNR [Internet]. 2020 Aug. 2 [cited 2022 Dec. 6];36(2):177-89. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bcnbangkok/article/view/244645



Research articles