Developing the Patient Safety Awareness Competency Framework for Nursing Students

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Jutarat Bandansin
Danulada Jamjuree
Manat Boonprakob
Saisamorn Chaleoykitti


     This research and development aimed to develop a framework for patient safety awareness and to create a tool to assess patient awareness competencies in nursing students. The research was conducted 4 phages 1) to study information related to patient safety to set the framework for the study of patient safety awareness and then the patient safety framework was used to interview 9 professional nurses who received the Outstanding Nursing Practices Award. 2) data from the interview were used to synthesize patient safety awareness framework 3) to develop a tool to assess patient safety awareness competency for nursing students 4) to try out the tool with 20 second years nursing students. Research findings were as follows: 1. The competency of patient safety awareness consisted of 2 components. 1) Patient safety management, consists of 4 assessment items and 2) problem solving to ensure safety on patient care, consists of 3 assessment items. The draft evaluation form, which had a rubric scoring based on awareness level which is divided into 5 levels, was checked by the experts for the quality of content straightness. It was found that the evaluation items were consistent with the measurement components and objectives. The rubric scoring for each level of awareness was appropriate by the quality level. The IOC was between 0.56-1.00. 2. The rubric scoring criteria were classified by comparison analysis. The median of mean score awareness of nursing students in a group of nursing practice skills is at a good level, satisfactory level, and needs improvement level with the Kruskal-Wallis H Test statistics, there was a statistically significant difference between the number of nursing students by different group types (H(2) = 12.025, p = .002). The reliability between the raters, there was a statistically significant consistency between supervision nurses and researchers at .05 level with Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) = .882. This patient safety competency framework could be assessed by the patient safety awareness behavior and used as feedback data for nursing students to develop their strengths and improve their


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Bandansin , J., Jamjuree, D., Boonprakob, M., & Chaleoykitti, S. (2020). Developing the Patient Safety Awareness Competency Framework for Nursing Students. Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok), 36(2), 38-49. Retrieved from
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