Development of Instructional Model Based on Design Thinking and Reflective Practice Approaches to Enhance Nursing Innovation Abilities

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Chayaporn Ekthamasuth
Wichai Sawekngam
Gunyadar Prachusilpa


     Developing the ability to create nursing innovations would be driving force for individuals. This leads to their creativity together with inspiration to create and develop innovation indicating their uniqueness of the nursing profession.
     The main purpose of this study was to develop an instructional model based on design thinking and reflective practice approaches for enhancing nursing innovation abilities among nursing students. Research process consisted of 2 phases: 1) Assessing preliminary data to develop the instructional model; 2) Constructing and evaluating the instructional model (R1) including instructional model,
manuals for instructional model use, and learning management plan. Sample included 5 experts in curriculum and evaluation for investigating content validity and appropriateness of tools. Research instruments were the consistency index of instructional model appropriateness, and related literature. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviations.
The results were as follows. The process of the instructional model consisted of 5 stages: 1) Preparing and inspiring; 2) Assessing data and identifying problems; 3) Searching for information and verifying solutions; 4) Creating and Inspecting the innovation prototypes; and 5) Disseminating and reflecting for learning activities. The instructional model was appropriate at the highest level (mean = 4.67, SD = 0.13). It is suggested that individuals interested in the instructional model should study its manual thoroughly to achieve the objectives of the model.
Keywords: instructional


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Ekthamasuth, C., Sawekngam, W., & Prachusilpa, G. (2020). Development of Instructional Model Based on Design Thinking and Reflective Practice Approaches to Enhance Nursing Innovation Abilities . Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok), 36(2), 1-14. Retrieved from
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