The Association Between Psychosocial Factors and Psychological Well-Being at Workplace among Emergency Medical Technicians
Keywords:Psychological well-being at work, Psychosocial factors, Emergency Medical Technicians, Foundation
Introduction: Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) have been working under pressure and unexpected conditions which are hard to predict what they will face. Due to a nature of this work, there is a tendency that EMTS’s psychological well-being (PWB) at work would be affected. This is important for their quality of life and their work. Research objectives: This study aimed to examine level of PWB at work and the relationships between psychosocial factors and PWB at work among EMTs. Research methodology: This study employed a descriptive correlational design. A stratified sampling technique was used to recruit 100 EMTs. A set of questionnaires was used to collect data including: 1) demographic record form, 2) PWB at workplace, 3) public mind, 4) self-esteem, 5) emotional exhaustion, 6) relationship with colleagues, and 7) work-family conflict. Their reliabilities using Cronbach’s alpha for questionnaires no. 2-7 were: .88, .79, .84, .76, .82, and .91, respectively. Descriptive statistics and the Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficients were used to analyze data. Results: Results revealed that mean score of PWB at work among EMTs was 49.04 (SD. = 10.10), indicating that the participants had moderate level of PWB at work. Moreover, there were negatively significantly relationships between the emotional exhaustion, work-family conflict, and PWB at work(r = -.843, r = -.777, p < .01, respectively). Meanwhile, relationship with colleagues, public mind, and self-esteem positively significantly related to PWB at work (r = .869, r = .831, and r = .608, p < .01, respectively). Conclusions: Promoting EMTs’ positive relationship with colleagues, public mind, and self-esteem helps preventing emotional exhaustion and creating balance of work-family life which will enhance the PWB at work among EMTs. Implications for practice: The results of this study can be used as baseline information for further research and program development aimed to promote PWB at work among EMTs.
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