Situation of Health Literacy among the Working People in Yang Neeng Subdistrict, Saraphi District, Chiang Mai Province

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Pataporn Bawornthip
Sivaporn Aungwattana


Introduction: Health literacy affects individuals’ health behaviors. When individuals possess sufficient health literacy, they will change their health behaviors to promote their health and prevent diseases. Research objectives: This study aimed to examine health literacy situation among working people in Yang Neeng subdistrict, Saraphi district, Chiang Mai province. Research methodology: This study employed a cross-sectional descriptive design. A purposive sampling technique was used to recruit 378 participants aged 18-59 years old. Data was collected using a health literacy questionnaire consisting of information access, knowledge and understanding of health, media literacy and decision making, and self-management and information communication. All of them were developed by a researcher. Content validity index and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were 0.98 and 0.85, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Health literacy was classified to low, moderate, and high levels. 3 Results: Results revealed that the overall health literacy is at a high level (x̄ = 26.92, SD = 6.18) with the highest level of knowledge and understanding (93.92%), followed by self-management and information communication, and understanding of health (91.01%, and 90.74%, respectively). However, information access (88.89%) needs to be improved. Conclusions: Overall, health literacy of working people was at a high level. To each aspect, health information should be improved. Implications: Findings of this study helpstudy help healthcare providers to develop accessible healthcare system to people with various channels and enable working people to attain a higher level of health literacy leading to appropriate health behaviors.


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Bawornthip, P., & Aungwattana, S. (2021). Situation of Health Literacy among the Working People in Yang Neeng Subdistrict, Saraphi District, Chiang Mai Province. Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok), 37(2), 170-181. Retrieved from
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