Factors Affected the Decision Making for Cervical Cancer Screening among Women at Suphanburi Province
Keywords:decision making for cervical cancer screening, women
This descriptive research aimed to: (a) investigate the relationships between personal factor, perceived benefits , perceived barriers, perceived self-Efficacy ,interpersonal influences, situational influences of conditions affecting the decision to go for check-up or not for cervical cancer; and (b) compare factors affecting the decision making to go for check-up or not in cervical cancer. Participants included 404 women in U –Thong District, Suphanburi Province; 158 were women under decision for cervical cancer screening, and 246 were women of non-decision for cervical cancer screening. Systematic random sampling technique was used to recruit participants. A set of questionnaires were used to collect data including the perceived of factors using the KR-20 = .91, and the questionnaire of the factors influencing interpersonal relationships and the influencing factors of the situation reliability with coefficient (alpha) = .92. Data were analyzed using chi-square and independent t-test.
The results revealed that a marital status, and perceived benefits were significantly related to decision of cervical cancer screening (p=.05). Income, cervical cancer check-up in past 3 years, and perceived barriers were significantly related to decision of cervical cancer screening (p=.01). The interpersonal influences factors, and situational influences factors were not significantly related to decision of cervical cancer screening.
The results of factor comparisons (perceived benefits, perceived barriers, perceived self-efficacy, interpersonal influences, and situational influences between decision group and non-decision group, showed that perceived benefits) were statistically significantly different (p= .05).
The results of study suggest that proactive screening in the community and home visit should be effective for the barriers groups who do not have access to health service.
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