EFFECTS OF THE ARM SWING EXERCISE PROGRAM APPLYING SELF-EFFICACY THEORY AND SOCIAL SUPPORT OF THE YOUNG ELDERLY IN BANGKOK METROPOLITAN
Keywords:arm swing exercise program; self- efficacy, social support, arm swing exercise behaviors
This quasi-experimental research, two groups pretest-posttest design aimed to study the effects of arm swing exercise program on the exercise behaviors of the young elderly, applying self-efficacy theory and social support. The sample comprised 60 young elderly who were the members of an elderly club. The sample was divided equally into two groups, the experimental group and control group. The study was conducted over a period of 11 weeks. Activities of the program for the experimental group included delivering knowledge of arm swing exercise, building their self-efficacy and outcome expectation of arm swing activity, and providing social support through home visits. Data were collected by interview questionnaire at pre and post intervention phase on the 1st and 11st week. Statistics analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Research results showed that, after the post intervention, the experimental group and control group had a significantly increased in knowledge of arm swing exercise, self-efficacy, and outcome expectation of arm swim activity than pre-intervention phase (p <.05). Compared between groups, the experimental group and control group had not significantly different in knowledge of arm swing exercise, perception on self-efficacy, and outcome expectation of arm swing activity (p > 0.05). As for exercise behaviors, the experimental group significantly met a higher standard of exercise than the control group (85.2% vs 6.7%, p < .001). In conclusion, the theoretical based program applying self-efficacy theory and social support were able to help younger elderly to meet the exercise behaviors as per standard.
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Article published Is the copyright of the Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok) Cannot be republished in other journals