The Situation Analysis of Elbow Smoothing Creams and Development of Elbow Smoothing Cream with Extract from Cinnamomum verum J. Presl. for Thai Traditional Medicine Students at Kanchanabhishek Institute of Medical and Public Health Technology, Nonthaburi

Main Article Content

Sathaporn Satsue
Wilailak Suksai
Nattapong Suphakam
Thussayanee Jaithawong
Benjaporn Krutkrua
Sujitra Noiyai

Abstract

This research aimed to perform a situation analysis of elbow smoothing creams and develop an elbow smoothing cream with extract from Cinnamomum verum J. Presl. for Thai traditional medicine (TTM) students at Kanchanabhishek Institute of Medical and Public Health Technology in Nonthaburi province. The study involved the extractions of C. verum with 95% ethanol and water; and the extracts were then analyzed for antioxidant activities using nitric oxide method. The highest activity extract was selected to make the cream. The results showed that the C. verum extract with 95% ethanol yielded the highest antioxidant activity with the IC50 of 20.60 ± 7.99 µg/ml. The researchers held a focus group discussion with TTM students about the elbow smoothing creams, developed cream formulas with different extract concentrations, and assessed their physical stability to select the best formula. We found that, according to the focus group, the participants preferred the cream in tubes with a reliable label, non-sticky and moisturizing quality, and mild fragrance; and the cream should be well-absorbed through the skin, dry up easily, and importantly reduce skin darkness and roughness under the elbow. Regarding product development, the cream produced had smooth creamy texture, light brownish color and cinnamon fragrance, no rancid smell, good flow property, no microbial or fungal growth, and no creaming and cracking at pH 5-6. Among 38 volunteers who tried out the cream, their overall satisfaction level was high (4.34) as it was portable, easy to use, non-irritating, non-sticky, well absorbed through the skin, protective against dryness, and moisturizing. So this study has provided basic information for further development of other cosmeceutical products.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Original Articles
Author Biography

Wilailak Suksai, วิทยาลัยเทคโนโลยีทางการแพทย์และสาธารณสุข กาญจนาภิเษก

ภาควิชาการแพทย์แผนไทย

วิทยาลัยเทคโนโลยีทางการแพทย์และสาธารณสุข กาญจนาภิเษก

56 ม.1 ต.ราษฎร์นิยม อ.ไทรน้อย จ.นนทบุรี 11150

โทร 089-9401775

References

Sistacafe.com [Internet]. 5 Tips to get rid of dark elbows. c2015 [cited 2019 Jan 10]; Available from: https://sistacafe.com/summaries/881 (in Thai)

Phunsawan B. Free radicals, antioxidants and antioxidant activity determination. Journal of Science and

Technology. 2013;21(3):275-86. (in Thai)

Rao PV, Gan SH. Cinnamon: a multifaceted medicinal plant. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative

Medicines. Hindawi Publishing Corporation; 2014. doi: 10.1155/2014/642942.

Nachom S. Effect of cinnamon on quality of frozen ground macadamia filling (thesis). Faculty of science.

Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University; 2009. (159). (in Thai)

Satsue S, Thapphasaraphong S, Damrongrungruang T. Antioxidant and collagen stimulating activities in

human gingival fibroblast cell culture of plant extracts. Isan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014;9(supplement):38-43. (in Thai)

Homhual S. Cinnamon [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2019 Jun 1]; Available from: http://www.thaicrudedrug.com/main.php?action=viewpage&pid=149 (in Thai)

Ghovvati M, Afshari GK, Nasrollahi SA, Firooz A, Samadi A, Karimi M, Talebi z, Kolahdooz S, Vazirian M. Efficacy

of topical cinnamon gel for the treatment of facial acne vulgaris: a preliminary study. Biomedical Research and

Therapy. 2019;6(1):2958-65.

Han X, Parker TL. Anti-inflammatory activity of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) bark essential oil in

a human skin disease model. Phytotherapy Research. 2017;31(7):1034–8.

healthshots. If you haven’t been using dalchini on your face, then you’re seriously missing out [Internet].

[cited 2020 Jun 1]; Available from: https://www.healthshots.com/beauty/natural-cures/4-skin-benefitsof-

cinnamon-or-dalchini-that-are-just-amazing/

Jaidee N. Training manuals: technique of Cha-loi-sak massage. Bangkok: Hub Health Medici; 2010. 116 p. (in

Thai)

Personnel department of kanchanabhishek institute of medical and public health technology. Total number of personnel at kanchanabhishek institute of medical and public health technology [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2018 Oct 18]; Available from: http://www.kmpht.ac.th (in Thai)

Satsue S. Phytochemical screening and biological activities studies of morus alba leaf extracts for cosmeceuticals (thesis). Faculty of pharmacy. Khon Kaen: Khon Kaen University; 2015. (224). (in Thai)

Pasunon P. Validity of questionnaire for social science research. Journal of Social Sciences Srinakharinwirot

University. 2015;18:375–96. (in Thai)

Sutprasertporn S. Customer satisfaction in sore throat medicine (independent study). Faculty of commerce and accountancy. Bangkok: Thammasat University; 2015. (56). (in Thai)

Mitpratan N. Factors affecting purchasing behaviors of sun protection body lotion among consumers in Bangkok (independent study). Graduate School. Bangkok: Srinakharinwirot University; 2011. (162). (in Thai)

Seensorn W, Chansriniyom C, Kanlayawatthanakun M. Preparation of standardized dendrobium sonia extract

for cosmetic utilization (thesis). Chiang Rai: Mae Fah Luang University; 2012. (in Thai)

Krasantisuk S, Runnarong H. The development of skin care sericin lotion (special project). Faculty of pharmacy. Nakhon Pathom: Mahidol University; 2006. (in Thai)

Manosroi A. Skin and percutaneous absorption mechanisms [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 Nov 19];

Available from: http://inderm.go.th/news/journal/myfile/85785024a7c961a27_fil.%2007-Review%203.pdf

(in Thai)

Jirum J, Srihanam P. Oxidants and antioxidants: Sources and mechanism. Academic Journal of Kalasin Rajabhat University. 2011;1(1):59-70. (in Thai)

Mazimba O, Wale K, Kwape TE, Mihigo SO, Kokengo BM. Cinnamomum verum: ethylacetate and methanol

extracts antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2015;3(3):28-32.

Zizira. 5 Surprising benefits of cinnamon for skin [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Jun 1]; Available from: https://

www.zizira.com/blogs/plants/5-surprising-benefits-of-cinnamon-for-skin