Folk Knowledge of Hemorrhoids Treatment in Sisaket Province

Main Article Content

Chonlavit Singhakul
Aekarit Klomkleaw
Penporn Jantasen


The purpose of this research was to study the correlation between the treatment pattern of folk medicine healers to represent meaning of hemorrhoids and the treatment and knowledge of hemorrhoids treatment. Qualitative research and purposive sampling were used in order to preserve local health care wisdom, link the principles of health care with folk medicine and understand the way of life and beliefs of folk medicine healers. The participants selected the expert folk medicine healer in Sisaket who used herbal medicine in hemorrhoid treatment and received certificate or renewed certificate in 2017. 19 healers out of a total of 243 healers were selected. The research instrument was a focus group, knowledge management and in-depth interviews. The study found folk medicine healers in Sisaket believe hemorrhoids are an abnormality of the four elements (earth, water, wind and fire) those expression of earth element which most cause is patient behavior. They believe the disease is derived from person’s karma or supernatural. They used mantras or perform rituals of faith along with the preparation of herbal medicine or treatment for the mind and body at the same time. In the treatment process, they have different treatments depending on inherited knowledge. Each formula used varies according to each area of them inhabited. In most cases, the treatments used oral drugs and antidote when patients got well. The formulas were developed as oral drugs, suppositories and fumigation treatments. They have different treatments, but there is a correlation between the beliefs of Buddhism and the law of karma, as well as the use of herbal medicines to treat hemorrhoids. Should have systematic knowledge management and continue to develop in Thai medical treatments.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Original Articles


1. Protection and Promotion of Thai Traditional Medicine Wisdom and Thai Folk Medicine Division, Department of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine. Knows Folk medicine. [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2017 Jul 1]; Available from: (in Thai)
2. Adthasit R. Knowledge of folk Medicine: Thinking system and plan of local herbal usage plan connect forest and source of local herb. Bangkok: WVO officer of printing mill The War Veterans of Thailand Under Royal Patronage of His Majesty the king; 2008. (in Thai)
3. Sookkhee S, Thongpanchang P, Pitprasert U. Condition of existence of local wisdom of health care in four ethnic groups Sisaket Province. Bangkok: National Research Management System (NRMS); 2014. (in Thai)
4. Thavichaigarn P. Hemorrhoids. 2nd ed. Bangkok: Amarin Health; 2010. (in Thai)
5. Srisontisuk S. Qualitative research methodology. NIDA Development Journal. 1983;23:27-40. (in Thai)
6. Teerathanachaiyakun K. Knowledge management success factors. Panyapiwat Journal. 2014;5:134-44. (in Thai)
7. Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, Technical Division. Summary of knowledge about coaching. Bangkok: Division; 2015. (in Thai)
8. Office of the Royal Society. The Royal Institute Dictionary 2011 edition. Bangkok: Office of the Royal Society; 2013. (in Thai)
9. Bureau of Health Administration. Work Manual : Health Services. Samutsakorn: Born To Be Publishing; 2016. (in Thai)
10. Dhirathiti N. Study of expectations and satisfaction of clients with focus group. [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2017 Jul 1]; Available from: (in Thai)
11. Akaraborworn C, Yodrakang J, Charoenwongmit A, editors. Knowledge management. 3rd ed. Bangkok: Cabinet Publishing and Gazzette Office; 2009. (in Thai)
12. Wallipodom S. Buddhism and belief in Thai society. Bangkok: Lek-Prapai Viriyapant Foundation; 2017. (in Thai)
13. Rumun AJ. Influence of religious beliefs on healthcare practice. International Journal of Education and Research. 2014;2(4):37-48.
14. Wachowicz P. The buddhism’s view on biotechnology. Biotechnologia. 2005;1(68):166-71.
15. Keardrit K. Illness curing according to Phra Buddha Bhaisajyaguru Vaidurya Prabhasa of Khmer languages community ethnic groups in Surin province. College of Asian Scholars Journal. Jan-Dec 2009;1(1):58-67. (in Thai)
16. Mattavangkul C, Srisuantang S, Traimongkolkul P. Synthesis of adaptation and standpoint of indigenous medical wisdom in community health systems: A case study in Kanchanaburi province. Kasetsart Journal: Social Sciences 2014;35(2):206-22. (in Thai)
17. Dongdee A, Kaewla W, Udomthawee K. Role of buddhist monks on rituals for healing which related health care of people in Surin province. Graduate school journal SRRU. Jan-Mar 2012;6(2):38-49. (in Thai)
18. Mukda S, Subhadhirasakul S. Herbal medicines and hemorrhoid disease. Journal of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine. 2014;12:122-32. (in Thai)
19. Chotnimitkun T, Charoenkitthanakun T, Terikul T, Kolchanwit S. Bleeding around the rectum and anal (anorectal bleeding). In: Nimitmongkol S, editor. Gastrointestinal diseases and treatment 3 short-term training for gastrointestinal diseases “problem based approach for common GI disorders’’; 13-14 Mar 2006. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Printing House; 2006. p. 36-53.
(in Thai)
20. Kajchawattana P. Stop cause of haemorrhoids. cheewajit. 2011;12:88-91. (in Thai)
21. Apaisawat S. Drug treatment of haemorrhoids. Health-Today. 2014;14:82-4. (in Thai)
22. Prayoonwiwat S. Hemorrhoids. HealthToday. 2006;6:98-9. (in Thai)
23. Phimarn W, Caichompoo W, Sungthong B, Saramunee K. A systematic review and meta-analysis on effectiveness of Cissus quadrangularis (Linn.) in hemorrhoid treatment. Isan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014 Sep-Dec;10(3):403-18. (in Thai)
24. World Health Organization. WHO traditional medicine strategy: 2014-2023. Hong Kong SAR: WHO press; 2013.