Comparison of the Effectiveness of Manually Stimulated and Electrically Stimulated Scalp Acupuncture in Patients with Lower Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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ภาสกิจ วัณนาวิบูล
Patthranee Danaiswat
Suparata Kiartivich
Nattanant Noomhorm
Nopchira Wannawibool
Thamatat Chiaopromkun
Paramate Saepung
Thanyarat Paisanpanuwong
Uthai Silaphiphattham
Jaksana Wannawibool


Low back pain is a common symptom and mostly treated with analgesic and muscle relaxant drugs, which cause both acute and long-term side effects. Currently, body acupuncture is a very popular alternative treatment for lower back pain patients in Thailand. Scalp acupuncture (SA) is rarely used despite its advantage in treating low back pain for patients in many positions with or without a bed, using only a few needles. Many studies have shown that SA can cure or relieve pain effectively. The stimulation techniques mainly focus on manual stimulation by a specially trained acupuncturist. This randomized controlled trial and qualitative research aimed to compare the effectiveness of manually stimulated and electrically stimulated scalp acupuncture (manual SA and electric SA) for the treatment of lower back pain in 40 patients; 20 of whom were randomly assigned to the experimental group with electric SA, or electro-acupuncture, and the other 20 to the control group with manual SA. The patients’ pain was assessed with the short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire and a Neuropathic Pain Scale; and data analysis was undertaken with basic statistics. The results showed that, after each treatment in both groups, their pain levels dropped significantly. The difference in the mean pain scores before the first treatment and after the third treatment was 3.55 for the experimental group and 4.4 for the control group. In conclusion, after three treatments, both manual and electric scalp acupuncture therapies were significantly effective in relieving the pain; and there was no significant difference in pain reduction between both groups.


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Author Biography

ภาสกิจ วัณนาวิบูล


1. Doctor of Medicine Program. (Honors) Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
2. Traditional Chinese Medicine Doctor, Thai Tradotional Medicine Pharmacist
3. Study Traditional Chinese Medicine from ancestors.
4. Integrated medicine experiences ( Traditional Chinese Medicine - Modern West Medicine ) more than 20 years

Positions and Work in Present

- Traditional Chinese Medicine Professional Committee in 2012 and 2013-2016.
- Vice-President and Secretary General the TCM Doctor Association Thailand
- College of Oriental Medicine – Rangsit University Lecturer.
- Special Lecturer -faculty Chinese medicine (Huachiew Chalermprakiet University)
- Special Instructor - Traditional Chinese medicine the Department of Health Sciences (Maefahluang University)
- The Special Lecturer of Acupuncture Medicine course in Acupuncture Modern Medicine training course of Praboromarajchanok Institute
- Samluang Saha Clinic.Integrated treatment (Modern Medicne and Chinese Medicine )doctor
- Legal and Ethics Profession Subcommittee of the Traditional Chinese Medicine Professional Committee
The committee on academic the Chinese Medical, Development of Thai Traditional And Alternative Medicine Department , Ministry of Public Health.
- The Professional Development Working Group on Education, Training Center and the Professional Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, A Professional Networking the development, Chinese Medical and Integrated Medicine, Financial Year 2013.
- The Lecturer Professional in working group in Chinese Medicine acknowledge Public Health Care
- The Columnist Chinese Medicine, Health Channel Magazine, Health & Cuisine Magazine.
- Guest Speakers - Chinese Medicine go to the other Educational Institution of Government sector and Private sector.

Writing Book

1. Acupuncture Manual
2. Balanced Diet & Lifestyle
3. See Tongue Know Disease.
4. Traditional Chinese Medicine Diagnosis
5. Chinese Medical Clinic.
6. Basic Philosophy Concepts of Oriental Medicine and Western Medicine
7. Manual of Chinese Herb in Clinical treatment
8. Healthy Lifestyle with Biological Clock
9. Know and Apply to Choose 100 Chinese Herbals
10. Eat to Prevent Disease
11. Increase Power of Life By Sleeping.
12. Blancing Treatment with TCM


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