Toxicity Study of Lupinifolin from Stem of Derris reticulata Craib

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Songpol Chivapat
Pranee Chavalittumrong
Aimmanas Attawish
Noppamas Soonthornchareonnon

Abstract

Lupinifolin is a flavonone compound expressing high efficacy against Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1). The objective of this study was to investigate the toxicity of lupinifolin from the stem of Derris reticulata Craib.
Oral administration of lupinifolin in mice at the dose of 5 mg/kg, which was equivalent to an 8,300-fold therapeutic dose, showed no acute toxicity. A subacute toxicity study was performed on six groups of Wistar rats for 28 days. Groups 1 and 2 were control groups given distilled water and 1 percent tragacanth, respectively. Groups 3 to 6 were administered lupinifolin orally at doses of 0.6, 6.0, 3.0 and 60 mg/kg/day, which were equivalent to 1, 10, 50 and 100 times the therapeutic dose, respectively. The results revealed that lupinifolin did not affect body weight, food consumption or the animals’ health. Female rats receiving lupinifolin at the dose of 60 mg/kg/day had a significant increase in WBC and a significant decrease in neutrophils when compared with the water control group, but these changes were within normal ranges. Male rats receiving lupinifolin at doses of 30 and 60 mg/kg/day and female rats receiving lupinifolin at 60 mg/kg/day had a significantly higher sodium level than the water control groups; nevertheless, the increase was within the normal range. The potassium level in female rats receiving lupinifolin at doses of 30 and 60 mg/kg/day was significantly lower
than that of the water control group. Histopathological results of some visceral organs in the lupinifolintreated groups showed no dose-dependent alterations; therefore, lupinifolin from D. reticulata should be considered
safe for the treatment of HSV1-infected wounds.

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Original Articles
Author Biographies

Songpol Chivapat

Medicinal Plant Research Institute,†Senior Technical Office, Department of Medical Sciences
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, #Corresponding author

Pranee Chavalittumrong

Medicinal Plant Research Institute,†Senior Technical Office, Department of Medical Sciences
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Corresponding author

Aimmanas Attawish

Medicinal Plant Research Institute,†Senior Technical Office, Department of Medical Sciences
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Corresponding author

Noppamas Soonthornchareonnon

Medicinal Plant Research Institute,†Senior Technical Office, Department of Medical Sciences
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Corresponding author

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