The Effect of a Perceived Self-Efficacy Promoting Program on Perceived Self-Efficacy, Outcome Expectations, and Preschool Child Development Promotion Behavior in Caregivers with Ineffective Development Promotion Behavior in Mueang Sukhothai District, Sukh

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Somying Sankkhaw
Sunsanee Mekrungrongwong

Abstract

            This quasi-experimental research aimed to study the effects of self-efficacy enhancement on perceived self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and preschool children development promotion behavior among caregivers with ineffective development promotion behavior. The sample consisted of 70 caregivers of preschool children in Mueang Sukhothai district, Sukhothai province. The sample were assigned into experimental group and control group by simple random sampling. There were 35 caregivers in each group. Caregivers in experimental group was carried out for 10 weeks with a follow-up at week 14. A conventional caring program was used with the control group. Research instruments consisted of the perceived self-efficacy promoting program, questionnaires on personal information, perceived self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and child development promotion behavior. Data were analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation, repeated measures ANOVA, and repeated measures ANCOVA.
            The findings showed that at post-experimental and follow-up periods, the experimental group had higher mean scores of perceived self-efficacy, outcome expectations and child development promotion behavior than scores at a pre-experimental period with a statistical significance level of (F = 193.15, p < .001; F = 34.74, p < .001; F = 132.83, p < .001, respectively).
              The experimental group had a significantly higher mean scores of perceived self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and child development promotion behavior than the control group with a statistical significance level of (F = 195.46, p < .001; F = 54.35, p < .001; F = 101.35, p < .001, respectively). From the result of the study, it was concluded that this program enhances child caregivers’ behavior for promoting child development. Therefore, health officials should apply the program to further develop caregivers' perceived self-efficacy in other ages of children.

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