Factors Associated with Health-related Quality of Life in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients

Main Article Content

Nunthida Chuamanochan
Sureeporn Thanasilp

Abstract

            The purposes of this descriptive research were to study the health-related quality of life and the relationships between gender, symptoms experience, self-management, anxiety and depression with health-related quality of life in chronic hepatitis B patients. Participants were men and women who were diagnosed with infected hepatitis B more than 6 months, and aged between 18 - 59 years. They were a total of 132 chronic hepatitis B patients treated at out-patient departments. Research instruments consisted of the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale, Chronic Hepatitis B Self-Management Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Short Form Health Survey-36. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of these instruments were 0.94, 0.81, 0.84 and 0.71, respectively. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson’s product moment correlation.
            Findings were summarized as follows:
           1. Chronic hepatitis B patients had average score of health-related quality of life slightly higher than a half (55.57%), it was 55.57 (SD = 12.71) from a full score of 100.
           2. Depression was negatively significantly related to health-related quality of life in chronic hepatitis B patients at a low level (r = -.20; p < .05).
           3. Age, symptom experience, self-management and anxiety were not related to health quality of life in chronic hepatitis B patients.
            This study can be used in nursing care plan to improve health related quality of life among patients with chronic hepatitis B by reducing depression, which has a negative relationship with the quality of life. Therefore, nurses should play a role in assessing depression. If the patient is at risk of depressive condition, care for the patient should be provided with psychological counseling.

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References

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