Development of Skill Development Model for Elderly Caregivers, Sukhothai Province

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Saksit Bokaew


            This advanced multistage evaluation mixed research study aims to develop the skill development model for elderly caregivers in Sukhothai province. The research procedure consisted of four phases including 1) study the factors affecting skills of elderly caregivers; 2) context analysis; 3) development of the skill development model for elderly caregivers and 4) evaluating effectiveness of the skill development model. The instruments used in this study were questionnaires and group interview. The data were analyzed and described using percentage, mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, stepwise multiple regression analysis, paired t-test, independent t-test, analysis of Covariance and content analysis.
            The results of the research showed that 1) factors affecting the skills of the elderly caregivers in Sukhothai province include supplementary factors and perceived benefits; 2) context and condition of elderly health care problem found that the condition of the elderly has three aspects: physical such as chronic disease and cerebrovascular disease; mental such as depression and mood disorder; and social such as lack of caretaker and abandonment. The problems of elderly caregivers were lack of confidence and decision-making, lack of knowledge and skills. 3) the skill development model for the elderly caregivers in Sukhothai province consisted of 6 activities: mentoring, buddy pairing, exchanging of ideas, taking lessons, prototyping for the elderly care, demonstrating elderly values and volunteering and 4) evaluating the effectiveness of the skill development model for elderly caregivers in Sukhothai province. It was found out that after activities were organized according to the development skill model of elderly caregivers, the experimental group had average knowledge. The attitude, satisfaction and skills of elderly caregivers were higher than before the activity and higher than the control group, and the elderly who were cared for from the experimental group had higher mean satisfaction and quality of life than before the activity and higher than the control group, statisticaly significant at .05. It was showed that the developed caregiver skill development model could enhance the skill of the elderly caregivers. Therefore, it should be used to cover more of the target group and apply in other areas appropriately.

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