Factors Influencing Health Literacy Related to Cardiac Rehabilitation among Caregivers of Older Adults with Myocardial Infarction in an Urban Area

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Pattarasiri Potjamanpong
Chayuda Khocharoen

Abstract

            This descriptive research aimed to examine the level of health literacy and factors influencing health literacy among caregivers of older adults with myocardial infarction in an urban area. Sample included 120 caregivers who were the main responsibility of continually taking care of the patients, were simple random sampling selected. Data were collected between December 2020 to April 2021. The research instruments were 1) a demographic questionnaire for the caregivers; 2) a measure of the attitude of caregivers toward caregiving in older adults; 3) a measure of social support; and 4) a measure of the health literacy. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.


            The findings revealed that: 1) The caregivers had a moderate level of the health literacy (M = 165.58, SD = 28.97). 2) The supports including informational (β = .48), emotional (β = .26), and instrumental supports (β = .20) were significant predictors of the health literacy among the caregivers. These significant predictive variables accounted for 52.1% of the caregivers’ health literacy with statistical significance (p < .05). Based on the results of this study to promote health literacy among caregivers of older adults with myocardial infarction in an urban area, it is necessary to have support about the informational, emotional, and instrumental supports for effectiveness.

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