Main Article Content
Nurses are one of the key persons in the healing process because nurses have multi-potential roles including caring, preventing, rehabilitation, counseling and health promotions, especially giving generosity to patients with Dharma; Noble Truth 4 and Brahmavihara 4 of thoughtfulness based on humanized care.
Death is a part of life, and it is unchangeable process of the body, but we can face it in the right way. Buddhist nursing consists of primary nursing therapy, complementary nursing therapy and empowering nursing therapy to promote spiritual well-being for good death in the end of life. Buddhist nurses must deeply understand the end of life that could be found, especially the preparation before the death and to leave with dignity of humanity to a full merit.
2. Kaewmanee C. Concept and method for assessing spiritual needs of cancer patients. [Internet]. [cited 2020 January 5]. Available from: http://administer.pi.ac.th/uploads/eresearcher/upload_doc/2019/academic/1557384449767969006061.pdf (in Thai).
3. Somkumlung P, Krairiksh M. Spiritual well-being characters of Florence Nightingale: interpretive biographical method. In: The 11th graduate research conference; February 12, 2010. Phianwichit Building, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen Province; Khon Kaen: Graduate School, Khon Kaen University; 2010. P. 1105-21.
4. Erickson HL. Philosophy and theory of holism. Nursing Clinics of North America 2007;42:139-64.
5. Juntaramano S. Fundamental of holistic nursing. Chiang Mai: Bunyasiri printing; 2016. (in Thai).
6. World Health Organization. Basic documents. 48th ed. [Internet]. [cited 2020 January 4]. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/151605
7. National Health Committee Office. Nation health act 2007. [Internet]. [cited 2020 January 4]. Available from: http://pcmc.swu.ac.th/EC/document/form/dw_form4/17.pdf (in Thai).
8. Khemweero W, Phattanasing T, Khankaew T, Khumtua K, Lapontan S. Enhancement of elder people’s spiritual well-being according to Buddhism doctrines. Journal of Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University (MCU) Peace Studies 2017;5(1):78-88. (in Thai).
9. Juntaramanano S, Sawangareearak. The wisdom of indigenous healers: the 4 cases study of indigenous healers. Journal of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine 2017;15(3):286-300. (in Thai).
10. Nimmannit S. Understanding about near death. In: Boonchalermwiwas S, Limsathit P, editors. Before the deciduous day. Bangkok: Ameeinterprice; 2009. p. 15-26. (in Thai).
11. Punyapateepho P. Where is the dead?. Bangkok: Silpsiampackaging and Printing; 2006. (in Thai).
12. Onsri P. Role of nurses toward taking care of patients with the end of life based on religious beliefs. Journal of the Royal Thai Army Nurses 2014;15(2):39-43. (in Thai).
13. Manjawong M, Limpawattana P. Good death: the way you can choose. KKU Journal of Medicine 2018;4(1):20-6. (in Thai).
14. Phra Dhammapidok (Por Payutto). Modern medicine in Buddhism. 4thed. n.p.; 2007. (in Thai).
15. Sagchart B. Spiritual well-being and good death. Journal of Nursing & Health 2014;37(1):147-56. (in Thai).
16. Hathirat S. New order “allow nature death; and order”. Clinic Journal 2015;31(7):753-54. (in Thai).
17. The staff of the Liang Chiang Publishing House. Buddhist ceremony mantra. Bangkok: Liang Chiang; 2006. (in Thai).
18. Juntaramano S. Abatement effect of meditation under pyramid power on postoperative pain in patients undergoing major surgery. Journal of Thai Traditional Medicine and Alternative Medicine 2007;5(2):166-72. (in Thai).
19. Chimpiboon P, Kaenampornpan P. Music therapy in palliative care. Thai Journal of Traditional and Alternative Medicine 2017;15(3):371-8. (in Thai).
20. Wisalo P. Kanungchit Pinitchlok. Nonthaburi: Pappim; 2020. (in Thai).
21. Phra Dhammapidok (Por Payutto). Photchong: Buddhism for health promotion methods. 11st ed. Bangkok: Sahathamik; 2002. (in Thai).
22. Ministry of Culture. Meanings and methods of making merit by Thai people. [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 1]. Available from: https://www.m-ulture.go.th/young/ewt_news.php?nid=662&filename=index (in Thai).
23. Dhammakosajan (Buddhadasa Phikkhu). Death before death. Bangkok: Thammasarn; n.d. (in Thai).
24. Palliative Care Center MaharajNakorn Chiang Mai Hospital. Palliative performance scale for adult Suandok: PPS adult Suandok. [Internet]. [cited 2020 February 29]. Available from: https://w2.med.cmu.ac.th/spc/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=21&Itemid=190&lang=th (in Thai).