Jellyfish Sting and First Aid Knowledge among 6th- 9th Grade Students in Koh Mak, Koh Kood, and Koh Chang, Trat Province, Thailand

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Hansa Premmaneesakul
Thanapoom Rattananupong
Pornchai Sithisarankul


            The aim of this research was to investigate the knowledge of jellyfish stings and first aid management among 458 6th- 9th grade students living in Koh Mak, Koh Kood, and Koh Chang in Trat province. Other objectives were to investigate the relationship between basic demographic features, acquaintance with beaches, and previous experiences with jellyfish stings and first aid training. Data was collected using a questionnaire developed by the investigator based on literature review, and distributed to all 6th- 9th grade students living on these three islands. Variables with normal distribution were presented as mean (standard deviation : SD) and those without a normal distribution were presented as median (interquartile range : IQR). Qualitative variables were presented with counts and percentages. Relationship between total knowledge score and independent variables were assessed by Fisher’s exact test and multiple logistic regression.
               Results showed that two hundred and eighty-four students (62.01%) had adequate knowledge. Students from Koh Kood had the highest percentage of adequate knowledge. Comparing by class, students from 9th grade had the highest percentage of knowledge. Female students (67.14%) had higher adequate knowledge when compared to males. The relationship between students’ baseline characteristics and total knowledge score was assessed by multiple logistic regression. Ninth-grade students had 3.22 times higher adequate knowledge compared to 6th grade students (95% CI 1.64, 6.33). Female students had 1.57 times higher adequate knowledge compared to male students (95% CI 1.00, 2.46).
            Suggestions: Students from Koh Mak had the least adequate knowledge on toxic jellyfish stings and first aid when compared to students from Koh Kood and Koh Chang. We should offer more education on this topic to students by including it into science curricula, health education subjects, or extra-curricular activities. Information on appropriate first aid management of jellyfish stings, via simple infographic material, can be provided to students, residents, and resort operators on these islands. Everyone should be aware of the severity associated with toxic jellyfish stings to create an effective preventive measure.


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