The Effect of Using Love Language for Taking Care of Oneself on Depression among Psychiatric Patients

Main Article Content

Unjit Khunarak
Saifon Aekwarangkoon

Abstract

           This research was quasi experimental research to study the effects of using love language to take care of oneself on depression in psychiatric patients. Sample included seventy-two psychiatric patients with mild to moderate depression, aged 15-59 years, and was admitted for receiving treatment in hospital. Samples were divided into an experimental group and a control group, using matching and simple random methods, 36 people each group. The experimental group received a love language, while the control group received routine care. Research instruments consist of love language to take care of oneself, 9Q and HRSD depression measurement form. Data analysis was performed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and compare depression with t-test. Result found that 61.11% were female, 38.89%, age 21 - 30 years (M = 32.53, SD = 12.63), single marital status 75%, secondary education/vocational certificate 50%, employment/farmers 27.78%, average monthly income 15,585 baht (SD = 20,985.89, Min = 0, Max = 100,000, Median = 9,000), illness period is less than 6 months 36.11%, admitted in the hospital for the first time 52.78%, diagnosed with depression and schizophrenia equal proportions 41.67%. The samples in both groups have no different personal information characteristics. The results revealed that after received love language, the experimental group had depression level (9Q : M = 4.22, SD = 3.86, HRSD : M = 10.08, SD = 5.54), lower than before the experiment (9Q : M = 12.97, SD = 3.90, HRSD : M = 16.56, SD = 5.15) (p < .05) and after the experiment, the experimental group had depression (9Q : M = 4.22, SD = 3.86, HRSD : M = 10.08, SD = 5.54) lower than the control group (9Q : M = 7.03, SD = .5.97, HRSD : M = 12.72, SD = 5.38) (p < .05). Suggestions that love language are effective for reducing depression. Professional nurses and related persons should support the care of their own hearts by using love language in psychiatric patients with depression.

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Article Details

Section
Research Article
Author Biographies

Unjit Khunarak, Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry

Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry, Bangkok

Saifon Aekwarangkoon, School of Nursing, Walailak University

School of Nursing, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province

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