The Relationship between the Knowledge and The Attitude about Food, The Health Behavior and the Nutritional Status of the Nurse Students at Royal Thai Navy College of Nursing

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Piyaporn Sinthukot
Kanaluk Dolsamer
Suntharee Monthawee
Karuna Wongtienlai
Noppawan Piaseu

Abstract

           The objectives of descriptive research were to study the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude about food, the health behaviors and the nutritional status of the nurse students at Royal Thai Navy College of Nursing (RTNCN). The 158 nurse students were included in this study. The data were collected using The Food Knowledge questionnaire, The Attitude about Food questionnaire, The Health Behavior Questionnaire and The Nutritional Status Assessment Form. The Cronbach alpha coefficient of the 3 questionnaires were 0.82, 0.83, and 0.90, respectively. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square.


            The results were revealed as follows :


  1. The nurse students’ mean scores of their food knowledge, the attitude and the health behaviors were higher than 60% of the total scores, which were 77.85%, 94.94%, and 73.42%, respectively.

  2. The majority of nurse students (64.56%) had The Body Mass Index (BMI) mean score in normal range. However, 15.82% were underweight and 3.17% were overweight, furthermore 17.09% had high Waist-Hip Circumference Ratio and 34.18% had low Fat Mass Index.

  3. The nurse students’ food knowledge, their attitude about food, the health behaviors and the nutritional status had non-significant relationship with BMI, Waist-Hip Circumference Ratio and Fat Mass Index (p < .05)

           The recommendations from this study are implementing of the nutrition program to promote the nurse students’ knowledge, attitude and health behaviors that lead to the desirable nutritional status.

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