Need Assessment to Enhance Physical Therapy Ability of Health Personnel in Subdistrict Health Promoting Hospital, Regional Health Centre 4 Saraburi

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Chiraporn Khaopong
Nawarat Suwannapong
Maturos Tipayamongkholgul
Natnaree Aimyong

Abstract

            This research aimed at assessing the need to enhance the physical therapy ability and finding the relationship between personal characteristics, self-efficacy in physical therapy, job characteristics, and need assessment to enhance physical therapy ability of health personnel in sub-district health promoting hospitals. The research instrument was a questionnaire, which passed the content validity measurement by using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient to check reliability. The values were 0.98 for self-efficacy in physical therapy and 0.89 for job characteristics. The value of the need to enhance physical therapy ability was 0.98. Data were collected by sending 361 questionnaires to the directors of subdistrict health promoting hospital. The questionnaires were returned by mail between July 1 – November 30, 2016. The response rate was 61.80%. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression.
            The research results revealed that health personnel had the need to enhance their physical therapy ability at a moderate level, 52.50%. Overall self-efficacy in physical therapy was at a moderate level, 76.20%. Overall job characteristics was at a moderate level 83.40%. Variety of skills was at a good level, 44.80%, and task significance was at 43.50%. The factors related to the need assessment to enhance physical therapy ability of health personnel were task significance at a good level (Adj. OR = 4.22; 95% CI 2.29 - 7.76), task identity at a good level (Adj. OR = 2.27; 95% CI 1.14 - 4.52), education at a master’s degree level (Adj. OR = 7.16; 95% CI 1.29 - 39.80) and at a bachelor’s degree level (Adj. OR = 6.75; 95% CI 1.38 - 33.06). The Nagelkerke R Square value was 0.25.
            Health personnel should be aware of their job characteristics with their responsibility so that they can enhance their physical therapy ability to provide service to those who are elderly and dependent people.

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