The Effect of Empowerment Program and Resistant Exercises on Frailty among Older Persons in Community

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Kraiyarach Nakkham
Siriphan Sasat


            The quasi-experimental research with the two groups pretest-posttest design aimed to study the effect of the empowerment program and resistant exercises on frailty among older persons in community. The sample consisted of 44 persons who were 60 years and above in both male and female had frailty and living in the community in Bangkok. 22 participants were assigned to the control group and other 22 participants were assigned to the experimental group. The participants were matched pair by gender, age and body mass index. The experimental group received the empowerment program of Zimmerman theory and resistance exercises by dumbbell and the control group received conventional nursing only. The research instruments included: Mini-Mental Stage Examination-Thai version (MMSE-T), Barthel Activites of Daily Living Index and Frailty questionnaire. The empowerment program and resistance exercises were performed once a week for 5 weeks. Data were analyzed using descriptive and t-test statistics. The research findings can be summarized as follows :
            1) The frailty among older persons in experimental group after receiving the empowerment program and resistance exercises was significantly lower than before receiving the program (p < .05)
            2) The frailty among older persons in experimental group after participating the empowerment program and resistance exercises was significantly lower than others receiving conventional nursing care (p < .05)
            The result of this study, it is recommended that there should be the empowerment program and resistance exercises to be used in taking care of elder people who have yet to suffer from frailty to prevent it from happening.


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