A Meta-analysis of Antecedent Variables of Work Happiness as Perceived by Professional Nurses

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Phraeporn Ketsamun
Areewan Oumtanee

Abstract

            This research synthesis aimed to 1) study research characteristics; 2) compare the means of correlation coefficients and 3) analyze the effect size of the antecedent variables of nurses’ work happiness by using the meta-analysis technique. A total of 25 Thai studies conducted during 2003 - 2016 were selected for the research. In all 41 correlation coefficients were analyzed by using the meta-analysis method of Glass, McGaw, and Smith. The statistic used in this study was a random-effects model.
            The major findings were as follows:
            1) The majority of the studies were master’s degree thesis dissertations published by Chulalongkorn University in the field of nursing administration (36%) in 2008 - 2012 (52%). All studies recruited registered nurses as the sample (100%), while most of the studies (60%) employed Manion’s Work Happiness Theory as a theoretical framework. Sixty-four percent of studies were based on correlation and predictive research designs. The majority of sample group was selected by multi-stage sampling (52%). All Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were tested for the reliability (100%). Most research quality was rated at high to higher levels (96%).
            2) Reliability of research instrument and method of validity were statistically and significantly affected in terms of the mean correlation coefficients of nurses’ work happiness at .05.
            3) The findings of the meta-analysis showed the antecedent that correlated with work happiness at .05 statistical significant level. These antecedents can be divided into the following 4 groups in order of effect size as follows: working factors (r = .664), organizational factors (r= .655), personal factors (r = .588), and management factors (r = .541), respectively.

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