The Effect of Stress Management Program on Caregivers’ Caring Ability of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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Pasinee Jamja
Sunisa Suktrakul
Branom Rodcumdee

Abstract

           The purposes of this quasi-experimental research using the pretest-posttest control group design were to compare: 1) caregivers’ caring ability of children with ADHD before and after received the stress management program, and 2) caregivers’ caring ability of children with ADHD who received the stress management program and those who received regular nursing care. The sample was 40 caregivers of children with ADHD in Somdech Phra Pinklao Hospital who met the inclusion criteria. The sample was matched pair by education level and duration of caregiving and then randomly assigned to the experimental and the control group, 20 persons each. The experimental group received the stress management program. The control group received regular nursing care. Research tools were 1) stress management program developed by the researcher consists of 7 activities as educating the appraisal of caregiving relate stress, the impact of the problematic situation of caring for ADHD, searching for resources, providing knowledge about ADHD, and ADHD caring skills, communication skills training, coping skills, emotional-focused coping skills, management and review the knowledge of how to deal with stress effectively, 2) the ability to care for children with ADHD’s caregivers scale, and 3) stress assessment Model of ADHD tools. The 1st and 2nd instruments were validated for content validity by 5 professional experts. The 2nd and 3rd instrument had Cronbach’s alpha coefficient reliability 0.81 and 0.94, respectively. The t-test was used in data analysis.
            The findings were as follows:
            1. Caregivers’ caring ability of children with ADHD after receiving the stress management program were significantly better than before receiving the stress management program at the .05 level.
            2. Caregivers’ caring ability with ADHD after received the stress management program was significantly better than those received regular nursing care at the .05 level.

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