Main Article Content
Objective to estimate years lived with disability (YLDs) of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in Thai population 2016
Material and method This study was focused on ASDs criterion by ICD-10 and DSM-IV, including autism and other autism spectrum disorders. YLDs was calculated by DiSMOD II program by using prevalence and related parameters from literatures reviews and GBD disability weight.
Results The prevalence of ASDs was 0.47% in toddler (0-5 years) and 0.8% in school age (5-12 years)., respectively. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of ASDs was 2.4. Using GBD disability weight, ASDs generated 81,801 YLDs (126 years per 100,000 population), which 49,890 YLDs. (77 years
per 100,000 population) were caused by autism and 31,912 YLDs. (49 years per 100,000 populations) were attributable to other ASDs. The highest YLDs was at the younger, less than five years old.
Conclusion ASDs is a significant condition which causes high disabilities and burdens in Thai children. Early screening and intervention of ASDs should be performed in order to reduce the severity, disabilities and burden.
- Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted. The consent does not extend to other kinds of copying, such as for general distribution, for advertising, or for resale.
- Unless otherwise states, the views and opinion expressed in Journal of Mental Health of Thailand are those of authors of the papers, and do not represent those of the editorial board or the Department of Mental Health.
2. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 4th ed. (Text Revision). (DSMIV-
TR). Washington: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2000.
3. World Health Organization. The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioral disorders: diagnostic criteria for
research. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1993.
4. Fombonne E. The epidemiology of autism: a review. Psychol Med 1999; 29:769-86.
5. Leigh PJ, Du J. Brief report: forecasting the economic burden of autism in 2015 and 2025 in the United States. J Autism Dev Disord 2015;45:4135–9.
6. World Bank. World development report 1993: investing in health. New York: Oxford University Press; 1993.
7. Chakrabarti S, Fombonne E. Pervasive developmental disorders in preschool children. JAMA 2001;285:3093-9.
8. Elena S, Manuel PA, Villaverde H, Eva T, Joaquín FB, Estimating the burden of disease for autism spectrum
disorders in Spain in 2003. J Autism Dev Disord 2008;38:288-96.
9. Global Program on Evidence for Health Policy, World Health Organization. National burden of disease studies: a
practical guide. 2nd ed. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2001.
10. Burden of disease Thailand working group. Disability – adjusted life yeas (DALYs) 2013. Nonthaburi: International
Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health; 2015. (in Thai)
11. Murray CJ. Quantifying the burden of disease: the technical basis for disability-adjusted life years. Bull World Health
12. Murray CJ, Acharya AK. Understanding DALYs (disabilityadjusted life years). J Health Eco 1997;16:703–30.
13. Salomon JA, Vos T, Hogan DR, Gagnon M, Naghavi M, Mokdad A, et al. Common values in assessing health outcomes from disease and injury: disability weights measurement study for the global burden of disease study. Lancet 2012;380:2129–43.
14. Stouthard ME, Essink-Bot M, Bonsel G, Barendregt J, Kramers P, Van de Water H, et al. Disability weights for diseases in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Inst.Sociale Geneeskude; 1997.
15. Poolsuppasit S, Panyayong B, Liknapichitkul D, Serisathien P, Chutha W. Autistic care for Thai autism. Journal of Mental Health of Thailand 2005;13:10–6. (in Thai)
16. Kittitharaphan K. Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders, school-based population study: Samutprakarn Province, Thailand 2013. In: Suraaroonsamrit B, Kittitharaphan K, editor. Proceedings of the 16th annual international mental health conference; 2017 Aug 2-4; Bangkok, Thailand. Nonthaburi: Department of Mental Health; 2017. p. 151. (in Thai)
17. Ongarjsakulman R, Chammak C, Muensoontorn S, Peeneum P. Prevalence of Thai autism spectrum disorders, 1-4 year: preliminary study. Samutprakarn: Yuwaprasart Waithayopathum Hospital; 2015. (in Thai)
18. Taylor B, Jick H, MacLaughlin D. Prevalence and incidence rates of autism in the UK: time trend from 2004–2010 in children aged 8 years. BMJ Open 2013;3:e003219. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003219.
19. Public Health Group, Department of Health Service. Victorian burden of disease study: mortality and morbidity in 2001. Melbourne: Victorian Government Department of Human Services; 2005.
20. Shavelle RM, Strauss DJ, Pickett J. Causes of death in autism. J Autism Dev Disord 2001 Dec; 31:569-76.
21. Tarbox J, Dixon DR, Sturmey P, Matson JL, editors. Handbook of early intervention for autism spectrum disorders: research, policy, and practice. New York: Springer; 2014.
22. Vos T, Flaxman AD, Naghavi M, Lozano R, Michaud C, Ezzati M, et.al. Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2010. Lancet 2012;380:2163-96.