Years lived with disability from autism spectrum disorders in Thailand

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Wiranpat Kittitharaphan
Pimrapach Wattanasuksa

Abstract

          Objective  to estimate years lived with disability (YLDs) of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in Thai population 2016
          Material and method  This study was focused on ASDs criterion by ICD-10 and DSM-IV, including autism and other autism spectrum disorders. YLDs was calculated by DiSMOD II program by using prevalence and related parameters from literatures reviews and GBD disability weight.
          Results  The prevalence of ASDs was 0.47% in toddler (0-5 years) and 0.8% in school age (5-12 years)., respectively. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of ASDs was 2.4. Using GBD disability weight, ASDs generated 81,801 YLDs (126 years per 100,000 population), which 49,890 YLDs. (77 years
per 100,000 population) were caused by autism and 31,912 YLDs. (49 years per 100,000 populations) were attributable to other ASDs. The highest YLDs was at the younger, less than five years old.
          Conclusion  ASDs is a significant condition which causes high disabilities and burdens in Thai children. Early screening and intervention of ASDs should be performed in order to reduce the severity, disabilities and burden.

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