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This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Metabolic Syndrome Self-Management (MSSM) program on eating behavior (EB) and physical activity (PA) in older adults with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). Participants who met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to either the experimental (n=33) or control (n=33) group. The experimental group received the MSSM program and usual care, while the control group received usual care. The program duration was 6 weeks, and included 4-phase. The program focused on EB and PA. Data was collected at pre-test and post-test (6th week), EB were assessed using the Eating Behavior Questionnaire, while PA was assessed using The Rapid Assessment of physical activity. Data were analyzed using independent t-test. The results indicated that after participating in MSSM program, there was a significant improvement in mean score of EB and PA within the experimental group. In addition, after participating in the MSSM program, there was a significant difference in mean scores of EB between the experimental group (Mean = 17.60, SD = 5.20) and the control group (Mean = 25.09, SD = 5.58), p < .001 and mean scores of PA the experimental group (Mean = 4.60, SD = 0.60) and the control group (Mean = 2.93, SD = 1.02), p < .001. In conclusion The MSSM program appears to be effective in improving EB and PA in older adults with MetS.
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Article published Is the copyright of the Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok) Cannot be republished in other journals