Effect of Simulation-Based Learning on Knowledge, Perceived Self- Efficacy and Nursing Skills for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Nursing Care among the 2nd Year Nursing Students
Keywords:simulation-based learning, knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, nursing skills
Introduction: Simulation-based learning is important to help nursing students develop knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and nursing skills.
Research objective: To examine the effect of simulation-based learning (SBL) on knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, nursing skills for patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) nursing care.
Research methodology: This quasi-experimental study employed a two-groups pretest-posttest design. The participants were 69 second year nursing students practicing in the adult and elderly nursing practicum I course. A simple random sampling technique was used to allocate the participants into a SBL (36 students) and conventional learning (33 students) groups. . Knowledge related to DM Nursing Scale, Self-efficacy to DM Nursing Scale, and DM Nursing Skill Checklist were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test.
Results: At post-test, a mean score of knowledge in the SBL group was statistically significant higher than the conventional learning group (p<.01).
At post-test, mean scores of perceived self-efficacy, and nursing skills in the SBL group were statistically significant higher than the conventional learning group (p<.001).
Conclusion: The SBL plays a major role in an improvement of knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and nursing skills among nursing students who provided nursing care for patients with DM. Nursing students have opportunities to practice through realistic clinical scenarios. They have knowledge and experiences and apply them in real-life situations to having advanced knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and nursing skills.
Implications: Nursing education programs should increase the use of SBL in nursing students prior to nursing practice in clinical settings. Moreover, SBL would be useful when nursing students are unable to practice in hospitals during challenging times.
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