Health Care for Monks in a Muang District, Nakon Ratchasrima: What are the Health Needs of Monks?


  • Pakatip Singkham Boromrajonni College of Nursing,Nakhornratchasima, Faculty of nursing
  • Pornruedee Nitirat Boromrajonni College of Nursing,Nakhornratchasima, Faculty of nursing


Monk, Monks’ health, Health needs



Introduction: Monks are a population at risk of health problems. Sustainable health enhancement in monks requires well-rounded perspectives from stakeholders. However, those perspectives are unclear. 

Objectives: 1) to examine monks’ needs based on predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors; 2) to propose policy recommendations for monk’s health care in Muang District, Nakon Ratchasrima province.

Methodology: The study design was QUAN-QUAL mdel (Triangulation Mixed Design). Samples in a quantitative study were 379 monks in Muang District, Nakon Ratchasrima province, and the participants in a qualitative study were 30 stakeholders. Data were collected using a questionnaire, in-depth and focus-group interview guides, and an observation form. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.  Qualitative data were analyzed using content analysis.

Results: The study revealed that 1) monks had health knowledge in a middle level and requested for health education which periodically provided at their temple; 2) monks reported an overall good health behaviors, except for smoking, and consuming foods which contained high sugar and fat; 3) temple environment could help to promote monks’ health, however, animal carriers elimination and elderly restrooms were needed; 4) monks still had limitations in health information access; 5) Buddhist folds mainly help monks only with food preparation; and 6) monks satisfied with public health services in a middle level and they asked for specific improvement concerning on monastic disciplines. These findings could generate policy recommendations in 4 aspects: monks, healthcare providers, Buddhists, and health system management.

Conclusion: The enhancement of monk’s healthcare in Muang District, Nakon Ratchasrima province needs to emphasize problematic predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors.

Implication: Those responsible for monks’ health should employ the findings from this study to improve monk-related healthcare in their areas with area-context adjustment.


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How to Cite

Singkham P, Nitirat P. Health Care for Monks in a Muang District, Nakon Ratchasrima: What are the Health Needs of Monks?. JHNR [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 1 [cited 2023 Feb. 5];38(1):122-35. Available from:



Research articles