Factors Influencing Depression among Late Adolescents
Keywords:depression, Influencing factors, late adolescents
Introduction: Late adolescents are at risk for depression due to various factors, with some linked to their life stage.
Research objectives: The purpose of this predictive-correlational study was to examine depression and its influencing factors among late adolescents in high schools in Muang District, Chanthaburi Province. Stratified random sampling method was employed to recruit sample (n = 160).
Research methodology: Data were collected using seven questionnaires: a Personal Information Form, the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale, the Social Intelligence Scale, the Family Connectedness Scale, the Friendship Intimacy Scale, the Perception of Cyberbullying Victim Scale, and the Coping with Cyberbullying Scale. These scales yielded Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of .87, .82, .90, .82, .91, and .95, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.
Results: Findings revealed that there was depression among the sample (51.25%). Among these, 25% had mild to moderate depression, and 26.25% had severe depression. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that family connectedness (ß = -.39, p < .001), and social Intelligence (ß = -.15, p < .05) had statistically significant predicted the depression. Together, these factors significantly explained 22.30% (R2 = .223, p < .05) of the variance in depression among these late adolescents.
Conclusions: The results suggest that healthcare providers should be aware of late-adolescent depression as an important mental health concern.
Implication: Mental health programs or activities to prevent or decrease depression among late adolescents should be developed by enhancing family connectedness and social intelligence.
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