The Effects of Maneevej Exercise on Quality of Life and Blood Pressure in Older Persons


  • Sarinrat Jitjum Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Nakhon Si Thammarat
  • Kanyatorn Yincharoen Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Nakhon Si Thammarat
  • Wasan Hayeeyahya Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Nakhon Si Thammarat
  • Jinsinee Wannapong Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Nakhon Si Thammarat


exercise, blood pressure, quality of life, older persons, Maneevej



          Introduction: Nowadays, Thai society steps into the aging society. The elderly have a change in physical deterioration and illness resulting in decreased quality of life (QOL). Therefore, health care profession should turn to health care with exercises such as Maneevej to reduce such problems.

          Research objectives: The objectives of the study aimed to examine the effects of the Maneevej body exercise on QOL in the elderly, and to investigate the changes in blood pressure after completing the Maneevej body exercise among the elderly.

          Research methodology: This was a quasi-experimental  study using one group pretest – posttest design.  Participants were 20 elderly people. Practicing Maneevej exercise with 8 breath assignments takes approximately 20-30 minutes. Practice twice a day, morning and evening for 12 weeks. Data were collected using a World Health Organization's QOL assessment form [Brief in Thai language], and blood pressure monitor. Data were analyzed using a Paired samples t-test.

          Results: Results showed that most of the participants were female. Participants were between the ages of 60 and 64).  After completing the program, the average scores of QOL significantly increased in the physical domain, mental domain,  overall QOL (p<.05), and environmental domain (p=0.04). As for the QOL in society, the average score slightly increased with no significant difference (p=0.09). The average systolic and diastolic blood pressure significantly decreased (p<.05).

          Conclusions: The Maneevej exercise combined with using breath determination has increased QOL and reduced blood pressure among elderly participants.

          Implications: The Maneevej exercise is an alternative exercise. Older persons or those interested in can practice the Maneevej exercise combined with using breath determination for better health.


Download data is not yet available.


Department of Elderly Affairs. Elderly Statistics. [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 August 14]; Available from: (in Thai)

Chumuang O, Panuthai S, Khampolsiri T. Effect of Norakaag exercise on blood pressure among older persons with hypertension. Nursing Journal. 2013;40(1):11-22. (in Thai)

Ningsanond N, Hungsapruk S. Maneevej: new paradigm in healthcare. Songkhla: Neopoint (1995); 2017. (in Thai)

Panvongsa P. An effect of body balance by Maneevej technigue on muscle pain in olderly. National Academic Conference 4th Phetchabun Rajabhat University "Research for Local Development"; 10th March 2017; Phetchabun Rajabhat University. Phetchabun: 2017. p.912-20. (in Thai)

Kaewmok W. The effect of the Maneevej exercise technique on body balancing, flexibility and strength in elderly persons. BJM. 2017;4(1):31-9. (in Thai)

Tongkoop B, Waedueramae R, Kajey F, Cheteh M, U-ma M, Mama M, et al. Effects of Maneevej exercise technique on exercise behavior among Muslim women in Narathiwat province. PNUJR. 2018;10(3):27-38. (in Thai)

Dindem N, Buapetch A, Isarmalai S. Development of promoting ergonomic self - management and exercise medical ornament program on perioperative nurse with acute lower back pain. NUR_FTU. 2019;14(26):105-20. (in Thai)

Ngowsiri K, Karuhadej P, Napapongsa K. Effectiveness of Thai mind-body exercise “Rusie Dutton” on blood pressure and quality of life in older adults in Bangkok, Thailand. JPHD. 2018;16(3):41-53.

Poosalee J, Preechawong S. Effects of health promoting program with Thai boxing aerobic dance on blood pressure and body mass index of persons with prehypertension. JRTAN. 2014;15(3):218-25. (in Thai)

Somwatee T, Pothiban L, Nanasilp P. Effect of Thai qigong meditation exercise on blood pressure of the elderly with hypertension. Nursing J. 2011;38(4):81-92. (in Thai)

Rakpanit P. Exercise for Hypertensive Patients. RTNNMDjournal. 2014;41(1):3343. (in Thai)

Noiwat O. Health and quality of life. School of Health Science’s e-pamphlet [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2019 May 15]; Available from: (in Thai)

Ngowsiri K. The effects of holistic health promotion program on quality of life in elderly. Bangkok: Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University; 2016. (in Thai)

Jaikat P, Siviroj P, Panpanit R. Effects of ascetic exercise on flexibility and quality of life in elderly. Naresaun Phayao J. 2018;11(1):37-40. (in Thai)

Dean AG, Sullivan KM, Soe MM. Open Source Epidemiologic Statistics for Public Health [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2019 May 15]; Available from:

Michigan RO. Exercise preparticipation health screening in ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. 10th ed. Philadelphia : Lippincott; 2016.

Mahutnirankul S, Tuntiphiwatthanasakul W, Pumphisalchai W, Wongsuwan K, Pornmanarungkul R. WHOQOL – BREF – THAI [Internet]. 2002 [cited 2019 May 15]; Available from: (in Thai)

Prapruttham S, Kumoad N, Boontanaporn S, Kaewngoen N, Ladpeng S. A pilot study: the effects of Maneevej self-care program on health problems and body alignment among the fitness-club members at Ho-klong subdistrict, Phromphiram district, Phitsanuloke province. Mahidol R2R e-Journal. 2019;6(1):59-73. (in Thai)

Natason A, Khanthong P, Dechakhamphu A. The effect of “Rueseedutton” exercise postures on nutritional status and quality of life in older people. Rama Nurs J. 2020;26(1):90-106. (in Thai)

Prasitvej P, Upasen R. The effect of social support program combined with physical exercise on quality of life in major depressive disorder patients. Nursing J. 2019;46(Supplement):70-82. (in Thai)

Thepsuriyanon D, Khanthong P. Quality of life in ascetic exercise among elderly in Ban Sai Mool, Yasothon province. JTT Med Res. 2017;3(2):1-5. (in Thai)

Setkhong S, Siramaneerat I, Inthaphalan K, Raksamat W. Comparison of the effects of hermit exercises and Maneevej exercises in reducing upper back pain. National Academic Conference 3rd " Step into a new dimension: Thai primary health care"; 6-7th July 2017; Sirindhorn College of Public Health. Ubon Ratchathani: 2017. p.213-21. (in Thai)

Huai P, Xun H, Reilly KH, Wang Y, Ma W, Xi B. Physical activity and risk of hypertension: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Hypertension. 2013:1021-6.



How to Cite

Jitjum S, Yincharoen K, Hayeeyahya W, Wannapong J. The Effects of Maneevej Exercise on Quality of Life and Blood Pressure in Older Persons. JHNR [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 1 [cited 2023 Feb. 5];38(1):186-9. Available from:



Research articles