Knowledge and Self-Care Behavior among Patients with Heart Failure in The 50th Anniversary Mahavajiralongkorn Hospital Ubon Ratchathani Province

Authors

  • Waiyaporn Promwong Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Sanpasittiprasong, Faculty of Nursing
  • Jaroonsree Meenongwah Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Sanpasittiprasong, Faculty of Nursing
  • Sangduan Ginggeaw Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Sanpasittiprasong, Faculty of Nursing
  • Rungthip Charoensri The 50th Anniversary Mahavajiralongkorn Hospital

Keywords:

heart failure, knowledge, self-care behavior

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction:  Self-care knowledge and self-care behavior among patients with heart failure (HF) play a significant role in decreasing hospital readmission and mortality rates.

Research objectives:  To examine self-care knowledge and self-care behavior among patients with HF in a medical ward in the 50th Anniversary Mahavajiralongkorn Hospital, Ubon Ratchathani Province.

Research methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used.  Sample were fifty patients who have been diagnosed with HF, and being older than eighteen years old with a level 1-2 activity tolerance assessed using the New York Heart Association Functional Class: NYHA FC I-II).  Data were collected using a set of questionnaires including a personal information questionnaire, a self-care knowledge questionnaire, and a self-care behavior of HF patient questionnaire   which contained 3 domains (self-care maintenance, self-care management, and self-care confidence).  Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results:  Results showed that most of the participants were women (54 percent). An average age was 58.18 years, with an age range between 32-89 years. All of them had stage C of HF, the majority of the participants had NYHA FC II (80 percent). A duration diagnosed with HF was one month - five years with an average of 2 years (SD.=2.13).  Mean score of self-care knowledge was at moderate level (mean=15.14, SD. =2.17) and mean scores of three-domains of self-care behavior were at fair level.

Conclusions:  Findings of the study suggested that most of HF patients need to be well-equipped with self-care knowledge and self-care behaviors before sending home.

Implications: A multidisciplinary program aimed to promote self-care behaviors for HF patients should be tailored and implemented to enhance not only their knowledge, but also their behaviors. Doing so would help HF patients and family to be able to care for themselves confidently and able to manage the care to maintain their health status in the long run.

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References

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Published

2022-04-01

How to Cite

1.
Promwong ไ, Meenongwah จ, Ginggeaw แ, Charoensri ร. Knowledge and Self-Care Behavior among Patients with Heart Failure in The 50th Anniversary Mahavajiralongkorn Hospital Ubon Ratchathani Province. JHNR [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 1 [cited 2022 Jun. 26];38(1):172-85. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/bcnbangkok/article/view/244354

Issue

Section

Research articles