The Physical Health, Health Behavior and Environmental Sanitation of The Peoples in The Makkasan Community


  • Jiraporn Suvamat
  • Malinee Youjaiyen
  • Chalinee Nuchusuk
  • Piyanat Changsieng


physical health status, health behavior, environmental sanitation, urban


This study aimed to assess physical health, health behavior, and environmental sanitation of the individuals in the Makkasan Community, Bangkok. Sample consisted of 210 households in the Makkasan community for over five years. The participants included 668 family members in the household. Data were collected using a set of questionnaires on health status, health behavior, and environmental sanitation, both selective answers and open-ended questions. Results showed that the about half of the samples were female (54%); most of them were 40-59 years (34.2%); being single (50.9%); attaining lower secondary education (42.9%); Buddhists (99 %); employees (43.7 %); monthly income at the amount of 10,001-15,000 baht;  and eligible for universal health coverage (62.2%). Regarding physical health status and health behavior, results showed as the following. The participants under one year of age indicated appropriate development (100.0%).The 1-6 years of age group reported lower growth conditions (41.5%). The 7-12 years of age group indicated lower growth conditions (52.7%). The 13–19 years of age group reported smoking cigarettes (40.4%) and lack of exercise (57.9%). The 20-39 years of age group possessed a body mass index (BMI) over the threshold (28.0%) and lack of exercise (76.8 %). The 40-59 years of age group reported BMI over the threshold (63.9 %), hypertension (10.9 %), diabetes (4.3 %), and lack of exercise (69.1 %). The 60- year-and-over age group reported BMI over the threshold (74.5 %), diabetes (17.8 %), hypertension (16.7%), lack of exercising (78.9%), smoking (13.3%), and drinking alcohol (6.7%). In term of environmental sanitation, most of the participants owned durable homes (85.2%), and being disturbed by foul odors and water pollution dyes (9.5 %). These findings suggest that health promotion activities are in line with actual health conditions and health problems of the Makkasan Community. The participants should be encouraged to properly change their health behaviors. Hence, a variety of organized activities should proceed towards the participation of the community and relevant agencies.


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How to Cite

Suvamat J, Youjaiyen M, Nuchusuk C, Changsieng P. The Physical Health, Health Behavior and Environmental Sanitation of The Peoples in The Makkasan Community. JHNR [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 1 [cited 2022 Dec. 8];36(1):191-200. Available from:



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