Effects of Self-efficacy Enhancement Program on Primary School Students’ Health Outcomes and Behaviors in Accordance with National Health Recommendation
Keywords:effects of self-efficacy enhancement program, health outcomes, behaviors in accordance to the Thai National Health Recommendation, primary school students
Good health behaviors need to be strengthened since childhood by following the Thai national health recommendations. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to examine the effects of self-efficacy enhancement program on primary school students’ health outcomes and behaviors according to the Thai national health recommendations. A multi-stage random sampling was used to recruit samples. Cluster random sampling was used to obtain the participants from the 3rd grade of primary students from two schools in Khukhan distric, Si SaKet province. A simple random sampling was then used to assign 53 participants into 2 groups (25 in the experimental group and 28 in the comparison group). The experimental group received the self–efficacy enhancement program six times over five weeks. Meanwhile, the comparison group received the usual educational program. Data were collected using two questionnaires: the health outcome measurement record and the Thai national health behavior questionnaire. Chronbach’s alpha coefficients of these questionnaires were .94 and .83, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (percentage, mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Chi-square test and dependent/independent t–test).
Results indicate that in the experimental group, the participants reported significantly higher scores on both the health outcomes and the Thai national health behaviors than those of the participants in the comparison group (t = 9.36, p <.001; t = 17.68, p <.001, respectively). Therefore, community
nurses or healthcare professionals might apply the self–efficacy enhancement program according to
the Thai national health recommendations to students to raise up their health outcomes and behaviors.
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