Development of a Learning Model to Strengthen Professional Identity among Students of Bachelor of Public Health Program in Community Public Health, Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Praboromarajchanok institute
Keywords:model of learning, strengthen professional Identity, research and development
This research aimed to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a learning model to strengthen professional identity among bachelor of public health students in community public health (CPH) program. The research was conducted in 3 phases as the following; Phase 1: studied of fundamental data by synthesis the concepts, theories, and related researches. The data were collected with 18 lecturers Interviewing, 10 college executive committees group discussion, and questionnaire employers in various departments in the 7th health area, including 10 community hospital directors, 10 public health executives, 20 directors of Tambom Health Promotion hospitals, and 20 public health technical officers or registered nurses in service units. The associated factors to strengthen professional identity were also studied which data were collected in 115 students in CPH program with questionnaires which the reliability was 0.82 Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Phase 2: Developed and evaluated the quality of the model and tested in 20 3th-year students in CPH program. Phase 3: Trialed and evaluated the effectiveness of the model in 45 4th-year students in CPH program. Analyzed data with Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient, Paired t-test, Mean difference, and 95% confidence interval at alpha .05 level while content analysis was used to analyze qualitative data.
The results revealed the model consisted of 1) principles and reasoning: the goal to strengthen student professional identity. 2) Learning objectives: learning issues by considering course objectives. 3) Subject content consists of 3 parts: the content according to the course curriculum, 21st century skills, mental services, patient ethics, patients’ rights and participation. 4) Teaching and learning activities which has 4 steps, (1) prepare and promote the interest to motivate learners, (2) teaching to create knowledge and new information, (3) summarizing received knowledge, (4) evaluating the results, (5) Measuring and evaluating the teaching and learning model.
The results of the effectiveness of a learning model was 0.8461. The average of professional identity before and after were 133.87 (SD=16.18) and 158.09 (SD=7.33). After deployed intervention, the average score of professional identity was significant raised. (20.14-28.31 95%CI, p-value <.001)
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