The Effect of self-regulation Program on Helmet Wearing Behavior Among Municipal Staffs, Sriracha District, Chonburi Province
Keywords:self–regulation program, helmet wearing behavior, municipal staffs
Thailand has the highest motorcycle death rate. It is a cause of severe traumatic brain injury. The motorcycle riders did not wear or wrongly wear a helmet while riding. This quasi-experimental study used two groups pretest-posttest design and aimed to examine the effect of self-regulation program on helmet wearing behavior among municipal staffs. Participants were 46 municipal employees currently working as municipal officers, permanent or temporary employees of Sriracha Municipality and Laem Chabang Municipality, Chonburi province. A cluster random sampling was conducted. The experimental group received the self-regulation program for 6 weeks. The comparison group received usual care. Outcome data were collected using a helmet wearing behavior questionnaire which had content validity index of 1 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of .84. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (percentage, mean, and standard deviation), and inferential statistics
(Chi-square test, and independent t-test).
The result showed that after receiving the program, participants in the experimental group and the comparison group reported mean different value on helmet wearing behavior (mean = 2.97, SD. = 0.50; mean = 0.30, SD. = 0.41, respectively). The participants in the experimental group reported significant higher helmet wearing score than those in the comparison group (t = 19.67, p < .01). Therefore, the self–regulation program on helmet wearing behavior could strengthen helmet wearing behaviors among municipal staffs. The community health nurse practitioners could apply this program for staff and/or the motorcycle passenger in order to regulate themselves on helmet wearing behavior.
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