EFFECT OF SOCIAL SUPPORT PROGRAM USING GROUP PROCESS ON LONELINESS OF THE ELDERLY IN SOCIAL WELFARE DEVERLOPMENT CENTER FOR OLDER PERSONS
Keywords:social support program, group process, elderly, loneliness
The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to examine the effect of the social support program using group process on loneliness among the elderly in the Social Welfare Development Center. Participants were a simple random sample of 24 Thai elders; 12 were randomly assigned to either the experimental or the control group.
The experimental group received the social support program using group process while the control group received the usual care. Data were collected from both groups at pre-test, post-test, and follow-up period from August to October 2016. Instruments included the Loneliness Inventory scale with its Cronbach’s alpha of .87, and social support program using group process. Descriptive statistics and repeated measures analysis of variance and Bonferroni’s method for comparison were employed to analyze data.
The results revealed that the loneliness mean score of the experimental group was significantly different from those in the control group (p < .05). The loneliness mean scores at post-test and at follow up period in the experimental group were significantly lower than at pre-test as well as lower than those of the control group (p < .001). The results of this study indicated that a social support program using group process was able to reduce the feeling of loneliness in the elderly.
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Article published Is the copyright of the Journal of Health and Nursing Research (Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Bangkok) Cannot be republished in other journals