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The symptoms of trigger finger typically include stiffness, pain, and a sensation of locking or catching when bending or straightening the finger. Oil poultice can reduce joint stiffness, pain and muscle stress. However, there has been no report on the use of oil poultice for trigger finger treatment. This is a quasi-experimental research that has been approved by the ethics committee for research in human subjects. The aim of this study was to compare the pain levels and finger motion ranges, before and after treatment, and assess the satisfaction of selected patients. The participants were 20 trigger finger patients specifically selected as per specified criteria. Each patient was given an oil poultice of Sida rhombifolia L. (ya khatmon in Thai) twice a week for 1 month and had their conditions followed up 2 weeks and 1 month after finishing the treatments. A pain score evaluation and measurements of finger motion range using a goniometer were conducted before and after the treatments. The patients were given a questionnaire to self-assess their satisfaction with the treatments. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and paired sample t-test. The results revealed that oil poultice could significantly decrease pain levels and increase the degree of finger flexion (p < 0.05). But after the poultice was discontinued, the pain levels were higher and the finger flexion degrees were lower. In conclusion, oil poultice can be an alternative way to treat trigger finger phase 2. Patients should receive the therapy continuously and reduce risk factors that make symptoms worse.
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