Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation Programme Based on Integrative Modern and Thai Traditional Medical Concepts in Patients with Non-Communicable Diseases: A Single-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial

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Witsanu Aninlabon
Jatuporn Tripattarakitgoson
Khumwong Ongart

Abstract

Effects of smoking cessation on patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) were assessed. A smoking
cessation programme was implemented based on the concept of behavior change in NCD patients using modern and Thai traditional medicinal principles by taking care of the body using the principles of natural foot reflexology and herbal medicines including ma-waeng lozenges, ya-dokkhao (white flower) herbal tea and rangjued capsules. In the control group were NCD patients with conventional treatment who did not follow this programme. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Human Research, Surat Thani Hospital. A total of 88 NCD patients in Pak Nam Lang Suan Hospital were randomly assigned to two groups: 44 in the experimental group and the other 44 in the control group. The research instruments comprised a questionnaire and the smoking cessation programme. The model of behavior change was applied to stop smoking by integrating modern and Thai traditional medicine. Results indicated that most participants were male and had suffered from hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes. Among all participants, 46.30% in the experimental group could stop smoking while 41.70% in the control group could also do so. No significant difference in the effect of smoking cessation was shown between the two groups after the six-month study period (p = 0.68), but 34 patients (44.16%) could successfully quit smoking. The findings showed that the smoking cessation programme, based on the concept of the behavior change model using integrative modern and Thai traditional medical principles, could induce smoking cessation in NCD patients.

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