Factors influencing breast self-examination behaviors of overweight menopausal women in Chonburi Province
Breast cancer can be early detected by performing breast self-examination. This predictive correlational research aimed to determine factors influencing the breast self-examination behaviors of overweight menopausal women. Multi-stage random sampling was used to recruit 110 overweight menopausal women in Chonburi province. Research instruments for collecting data comprising of the health literacy about breast cancer and breast self-examination questionnaire, the perceived self-efficacy in breast self-examination questionnaire, the perception of breast cancer belief questionnaire, the ability to access health care services questionnaire, the social support questionnaire, and the breast self-examination questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the data.
The result revealed that the breast self-examination behaviors of overweight menopausal women was rated at a moderate level. Health literacy and perceived self-efficacy in breast self-examination could together explain 41.7 percent of the variance accounted for in the breast self-examination behaviors of overweight menopausal women (R2 = .41, F = 38.31, p < .001). These findings suggested that community nurses and related health care personal should promote the breast self-examination behaviors in overweight menopausal women through improving health literacy about breast cancer and breast self-examination, and encouraging confidence in breast self-examination which lead to appropriate and able to screen for breast cancer in the early stages.
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