The Correlation of Factors Affecting Big Five Personality Components and Learning Style in the Self Directed Learning Behavior of Nursing Students

The Correlation of Factors Affecting Big Five Personality Components and Learning Style in the Self Directed Learning Behavior of Nursing Students

  • ยชญ์รวินทร์ จรบุรมย์ St Theresa International College
  • วิภา เพ็งเสงี่ยม St Theresa International College
  • พัชราภัณฑ์ ไชยสังข์ Rajamangala University of Technology, Thayaburi
Keywords: Big Five Personality Components, Learning Styles, Self-directed Learning Behavior



This descriptive research aimed to study factors correlation to self-directed learning
behaviors between Big Five Personality Components and learning styles on self-directed
learning behavior of nursing students. There were 466 purposive sampling from the 1st,
2nd, 3rd and 4th year nursing students of the Faculty of Nursing St Theresa International
College, Academic year 2018. The tools used in the research were : 1) personal factors
questionnaire, 2) fve personality measures, 3) self-directed learning behavior model,
and 4) learning style measurement form. The tool number 2, 3, 4 were content validity
test by 3 experts. The reliability test by coeffcient alpha Cronbach were .85, .87 and .89
respectively. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation
and Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation analysis.
The results showed that the self-directed learning behavior of nursing students with
a total average of 4.36 (S.D=0.47) was at a high level. The Big fve personality components
and learning styles had statistically signifcant at moderate positive correlation with
self-directed learning behavior of nursing students (p< .01, r = .49 and r = .53).
These fndings suggested that the self-directed learning behavior of nursing students
should be promoted by teaching and learning that corresponds to the personality
and learning styles of the students in order to enhance: 1) students’ creativity skills,
2) an openness personality to experience, and 3) being more learning independent.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Phothidara, Y. Nursing Education
Management for Student Generation Y.
Journal of Nursing Science and Health,
2011; 34(2): 61-69. (in Thai)
2. Zemke, R., Raines, C., and Filipczak,
B. Generations at Work: Managing the
Clash of Veterans, Boomers, Xers, and
Nexters in Your Workplace. New York:
AMACOM, 2000.
3. Padwang, B. and Udomluk, S. Study of
the Self Directed Learning Readiness
of Nursing Students at Boromarajonani
College of Nursing, Nakorn Lampang.
Nursing Journal of the Ministry of Public
Health, 2011; 21(2): 74-84. (in Thai)
4. Sripan, P. Relation between Big
Five Personality and Operational
Effectiveness of Retail Credit and
Collection Department of Tisco Bank
Public Company Limited. Master Project,
M.B.A (Management). Bangkok: Graduate
School, Srinakharinwirot University,
2012. (in Thai)
5. Costa, P.T. & McCrae, R.R. The NEO
Personality Inventory Manual. Odessa,
FL: Psychological Assessment Resources,
6. Grasha, A.F. Teaching with Style:
Practical Guide to Enhancing Learning
by Understanding Teaching and
Learning Styles. Pittsburg, PA: Alliance
Publishers, 1996.
7. Guglielmino, L.M. Reliability and Validity
of the Self-directed Learning Readiness
Scale and the Learning Preference
Assessment. In H. B. Long & Associates,
Expanding Horizons in Self-directed
Learning. Norman, OK: Public Managers
Center, College of Education, University
of Oklahoma, 1997.
8. Sangjeen, K. The Relationship of
Personality and Physical Attractiveness
to Social Status. Thesis of Master Degree
of Arts in Social Psychology. Bangkok:
Faculty of Psychology, Chulalongkorn
University, 2003. (in Thai)
9. Kitiya Nusant, R. Research Report
on the Pattern Learning of Students
of the Faculty of Education, Burapa
University. Journal of Education and
Social Development, 2006; 2(1): 57-
67. (in Thai)
10. Sripongplerd, P. Learning Styles and
Teaching Styles. Thaksin University
Library Journal, 2017; 6 (July 2017):
41-63. (in Thai)
11. Janepanish Visudtibhan, P. and
Disorntatiwat, P. Learning Style
Preferences of Nursing Students at
Ramathibodi School of Nursing, Faculty
of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital,
Mahidol University. Nursing Journal
of the Ministry of Public Health, 2015;
25(1): 70-82. (in Thai)
12. Tohkani, M.,Tohkani, D., Siriphan, S.,
& Tongkoop, B. Academic Internal
Motivation and Professional Nurses
Personality of Nursing Students in
Three Provinces of Southern Thailand.
Princess of Naradhiwas University
Journal, 2010; 2(2): 1-15. (in Thai)
13. Sanboonsong, P. Learning Styles of
Undergraduate Nursing Students of
Pathumthani University. Thai Red Cross
Nursing Journal, 2017; 10(1): 154-164.
(in Thai)
14. Photun, A. and Ngamnin, S. The Effect of
Teaching using Games Comprehension
Based on Brain-based Learning
towards Learning Achievement and
Attitudes towards English Subject of
Prathomsuksa 2 Students. The 1st
Research Conference, Rajabhat Nakhon
Sawan, 2016: 645-656. (in Thai)
Research Articles; บทความวิจัย