Knowledge and Attitude towards Transfusion Transmissible Infections among New Blood Donors at Blood Bank of Mandalay General Hospital in Myanmar
Keywords:Attitude, Blood bank, Knowledge, New blood donor, Transfusion transmissible infections
Objectives: To study the level of knowledge and attitude towards transfusion transmissible infections among new blood donors at blood bank of Mandalay general hospital in Myanmar.
Materials and Methods: From April 1st to December 31st, 2016, a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 406 new blood donors at blood bank of Mandalay general hospital in Myanmar. Participants in this study were interviewed using structured questionnaires. Stata 13 was used to conduct the statistical analysis.
Results: About 53.7% of new blood donors were males and 46.3% were females. Regarding knowledge level, a high percentage of new blood donors (87.7%) had low knowledge of transfusion transmissible infections, while 12.3% had high knowledge. Almost all new blood donors (98.5%) had a positive attitude, with only a few (1.5%) having a negative attitude.
Conclusion: Despite a high percentage of low knowledge among new blood donors at blood bank of Mandalay General Hospital in Myanmar, there was a positive attitude towards transfusion transmissible infections. A positive attitude can result from adequate knowledge, which can lead to good practices. It is recommended that the community be educated on the prevention of transfusion transmissible infections and safe blood transfusion.
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