Journal of Medical Globalization <p>Journal of Medical Globalization is an interdisciplinary journal focusing on the academic research from different areas, such as medicine, public health, nursing, and dentistry. Its aims to be&nbsp;the leading scientific journal to promote all other areas of western medicine and health sciences, including integrative medicine.</p> en-US (Prof. Dr. Tanawan Kummalue, MD., Ph.D) (Assoc.Prof. Sakda Arj-Ong Vallibhakara, MD., Ph.D.(Epidemiology), MS.ICT(Information Technology and Communication), MA.(Information Science)) Sat, 21 Jan 2023 18:42:34 +0700 OJS 60 Editorial Messages - Assoc Prof Thongnard Kumchai, Editor-in-Chief, President and Dean of The Faculty of Dentistry BangkokThonburi University <p><strong>Good cordiality</strong></p> <p><strong>Assoc.Prof. Thongnard Kumchai from the Editor-in-Chief, President, and Dean of The Faculty of Dentistry</strong></p> <p>With the great support from the president of BangkokThonburi University (BTU), it is our pleasure to announce the production of The Journal of Medical Globalization (J Med Glob), a novel journal that welcomes manuscripts from the medical, dental, and health sciences fields, aiming to help authors from BTU, as well authors from around the world, publish their high-standard, scientific work.</p> <p>In the future, we believe that articles published in this journal will be well-known, and their information will reach a global stage. We also expect that our journal will be indexed/tracked/covered by PubMed, PubMed Central, Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, ISI, Thai Citation Index (TCI), DOI/Crossref, and Google Scholar.</p> <p>The editors of this journal assure the readers that they will do their best in selecting papers of high scientific value, which will undergo a thorough review process before acceptance, in order to fulfill the expectations of our readers.</p> <p>We are pleased to inform you that The Journal of Medical Globalization (J Med Glob) is launching its third issue. We would like to invite all authors to submit their work for publication in the journal. We publish original research articles, review articles, technical notes, and theses. This is an online journal that provides international exposure to the work of every author.</p> <p>Concerning the dental field, the emerging research on dental implants is attracting more and more researchers and clinicians in the meantime, since dental implants are the best option to replace missing teeth, restore function and aesthetics, and improve the quality of life of patients. Therefore, the journal encourages authors to send manuscripts related to this field and promises that articles related to dental implants will be published on a regular basis in J Med Glob.</p> <p>We look forward to receiving your work, and thank you so much for your support.</p> <p><strong>Assoc.Prof. Thongnard Kumchai</strong></p> Thongnard Kumchai Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical Globalization Sat, 21 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0700 A Comparison of Elbow Flexion and Elbow Extension on Hand Swelling after Surgery in Closed Fracture of Distal End Radius: Pilot Randomised Control Trial <p style="font-weight: 400;">Elbow posture in reducing hand edema was rarely reported in literature. Elbow extension may promote lymphatic and venous drainage better than elbow flexion, which might lead to a better edema reduction after a surgery in an upper extremity. Twenty-four patients who required a surgery for distal end radius fracture were recruited for a pilot study and randomized into elbow flexion and extension groups. Elbow posture was set after the surgery until 48 hours postoperatively. Hand volume was measured at 24 and 48 hours postoperatively. Range of motion, quick Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score, and handgrip strength were recorded at 2, 6, and 12 weeks follow-up. In results, the mean edema reduction was 3.30% (std=15.36) and 14.14% (std=8.55) in the elbow flexion and extension groups, respectively. Elbow extension posture significantly reduces the size of the edema by 4.28 times as much as over the 24 hours period as what could be achieved by the elbow flexion posture (<em>p</em>=0.044). In conclusion, this randomized pilot study is feasible for a full-scale project for studying the elbow posture in edema reduction. Elbow posture might play an important role for reducing hand edema in postoperative protocol after a surgery in upper extremity.</p> Chidchanok Sakdapanichkul, Nattakorn Mahasupachai, Parunyu Vilai, Cholawish Chanlalit Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical Globalization Sat, 21 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Impact of Sexual History and Life Skills on Unprotected Anal Sex: A Cross-sectional Study Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Mandalay, Myanmar <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To study the impact of sexual history and life skills on unprotected anal sex among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Mandalay, Myanmar.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Using a cross-sectional study design, 309 MSM between the ages of 15 and 50 participated in the study. The seven townships of Mandalay city in Myanmar were purposely chosen, and the snowball sampling technique was applied to recruit MSM. The study took place between August 2011 and May 2012.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Two thirds of MSM (76.1%) reported having their first anal sex with a man without using a condom. The ability to consistently refuse unwanted sex was reported by a large percent of MSM (84.5%). About 17.5% of MSM admitted to engaging in anal sex without using a condom when their partner proposed it. “Using a condom during anal sex in the previous four months” was statistically strongly associated with life skills to proposing action if partner refuses to use a condom (p &lt; 0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Regarding sexual behaviour, life skills, and condom use, MSM in Myanmar has relatively little information. Focus should be placed on developing and conducting life skills training because it is crucial for MSM to engage in safe sex activity. Additionally, it is critical to expand the accessibility of services targeted at MSM, such as sex education, condom distribution and promotion.</p> Myo Zin Oo, Soe Sandi Tint, Alessio Panza, Somporn Naklang, Felicitas Calugan Boleyley Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical Globalization Sat, 21 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Insights into the Kidney Tissue Proteins Signaling Responded to Sodium Intake Using Multiplex Quantitative Proteomics <p>Dietary sodium intake has been linked to the amount of kidney proteins in the body. High sodium intake can lead to an increase in the amount of proteins found in the kidneys, which can in turn lead to an increased risk of hypertension and other kidney-related health issues. In this study, the difference levels of sodium rat chow were used to alter rats' kidney tissue. Body weight was not affected by sodium intake. Urine volume was increased in high sodium group, and urine osmolality was decreased in low sodium intake compared to control. The homogenized kidney tissues were analyzed by multiplex quantitative proteomics. Quantitative analysis showed that total proteins data revealed 4054 proteins in kidney tissue at p&lt;0.05. Among this, low sodium diet showed 259 significantly difference proteins compared to control. High sodium diet showed 357 significantly difference proteins compared to control. Protein-proteins interaction analysis showed the predominant signaling pathway are serine/threonine metabolism and proteins trafficking.</p> Atchariya Suwanich Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical Globalization Sat, 21 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Reliability of the test of gross motor development second edition for children with Down syndrome <p><strong>Objective: </strong>To investigate the test of gross motor development second edition (TGMD-2) test-retest, inter-rater, and intra-rater reliability for children with Down syndrome (DS).</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The School for Disabled Children in Yangon provided 50 volunteers with DS for this reliability research. Before the assessment, all participants received an explanation of the TGMD-2 and saw all the skills in action. Each FMS had to be used twice for actual scoring, and each participant received one practice trial. The principal researcher videotaped and documented each participant's performance. The three raters watched and independently rated the recorded videos to assess inter-rater reliability. Test-retest reliability was assessed a second time two weeks later. For intra-rater reliability, the principal researcher reevaluated the identical video recordings from the initial evaluation four weeks later. Reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Cronbach's alpha.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The gross motor quotient, object control raw scores, and locomotor raw scores showed strong reliability coefficients.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Therefore, the TGMD-2 is an appropriate and highly reliable method to measure the FMS of children with DS, it can be inferred from the current findings.</p> Myo Thein Tun, Thanda Aye, Thwe Zar Chi Htut, Wai Mar Tin, Myo Thuzar Khin Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical Globalization Sat, 21 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0700 how to How to conduct the joint replacement surgery in many patients during “Happy Walk Operation Project” by New Joint for Life Foundation. <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Background: New Joint for Life Foundation (NJFL) was founded since 2014 and provided the joint replacement surgery regularly with using the project name as "Happy walk operation ". In each project, many patients were recruited and underwent the joint replacement operation. So the most important thing to concern was the safety and good outcomes of the patients.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To review the working process, outcomes and problems that arise during the 12th and 13th happy walk operation projects at Srisangworn Sukhothai Hospital. And then took the information gathered to analyze and learn for development of the further project.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods:</strong> Data was collected from the 12<sup>th</sup> and 13<sup>th</sup> happy walk operation projects in 25<sup>th</sup>-27<sup>th</sup> February 2021 and 19<sup>th</sup> September 2021, respectively. The 30 patients (47 procedures) and 11 patients (16 procedures) were retrospectively reviewed from the projects, respectively. The collected data was examined using a quantitative approach descriptive-analytical design.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Surgery for many patients at once like the foundation done has the benefit of reducing the waiting rate for surgery. From both projects, reducing the hospital joint replacement surgery waiting list by about 10 months. The mean age of the patients was 60.4 ± 9.1 years, 75.61%of them had underlying disease. The most common procedure was simultaneous bilateral TKA (51.2%) followed by unilateral TKA (22.0%) and unilateral THA (22.0%). One bilateral THA and one revision tibial component of TKA were performed in this study. There were no serious complications. No incidences related to patient identification. 90.48% of simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty and 66.67% of total hip arthroplasty in this study required blood transfusion while in 22.22% of single total knee arthroplasty need blood transfusion. After finished surgery in one patient, it was able to start the operation in the next patient in 34.85 minutes on average.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The HWO project of the NJFL is the great project that helps many patients to have a better quality of life. It also gives the coordinating hospital the benefit of learning to improve their work. A successful project implementation requires good planning and patient preparation taking into account the patient safety.</p> Warin Prucksikanont, Phawana Reeriang , Supatsara Jieyjaew Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical Globalization Sat, 21 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Implications of Ergonomic Health Risks on Workers and Ergonomic Risk Assessment: A Review Study Based on Different Industry Contexts <p>Ergonomics and health are two disciplines that have a similar emphasis on how individuals interact with their surroundings. Ergonomic health risks can have serious implications for workers, including increased risk of musculoskeletal disorders, such as back pain, tendonitis, and carpal tunnel syndrome. The objective of this review study is to review the implications of ergonomic health risks on workers based on different industry contexts and ergonomic risk assessment. Musculoskeletal diseases were found to be the most commonly reported health outcomes among industrial workers, with the highest frequency among those working in manufacturing, construction, the healthcare sector, and transportation. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was found to be reduced by ergonomic interventions such workstation design and equipment modifications, it also contributes to improving the workforce's health and wellness.</p> Jishin Jayan Thrippunath, Myo Zin Oo, Rattanathorn Intarak Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Medical Globalization Sat, 21 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0700