Job aspects and factors related to job stress among secondary school teachers in Chonburi Province

Main Article Content

Tanongsak Yingratanasuk
Kanchana Piboon
Tanida Julvanichpong
Puangtong Inchai

Abstract

Introduction Teaching is a highly stressful occupation, due to increased responsibilities and
demanding deadlines. Despite the high priority of this issue, there are few studies of workrelated stress among teachers in Thailand.
Objective This research aimed to apply the Karasek Model of job aspects and to identify factors
related to job stress among secondary school teachers in Chonburi Province.
Materials and Methods Data was collected through a questionnaire and analyzed by descriptive
statistics and logistic regression analysis.
Results The results revealed that most teachers in the sample were female (72%), with an
average age of 39 years old. They had been teaching for an average of 13.4 years (with 7.9
years at their current school). Data on specific job components (with maximum scores of 4)
revealed these mean scores: Skills Discretion at 3.46, Control at 3.06, Job Demands at 2.68
and Social Support at 3.20. Low strain jobs accounted for 32.7% of the variance – passive
jobs: 30.3%. Active jobs accounted for 20.7%, and high strain jobs was significant at 16.3%.
The regression analysis revealed that female teachers had a higher risk of job stress than their
male counterparts (adjusted odds ratio [ORadj] 2.65, 95% CI 1.29 to 5.46) and teachers at the
professional level or higher were more at risk of job stress than teachers with lower positions
(ORadj 2.63, 95% CI 1.30 to 5.33) – i.e., after setting controls for educational attainment, years
taught at the current school, personal illness and smoking.
Conclusion Although the proportion of teachers indicating high strain was only 16.3 percent, it
should not be overlooked. The researcher recommends that surveillance of job stress should
be monitored among female teachers as well as those with professional levels, by increasing
job control or decision latitude. Stress management programs suitable for each individual
should be introduced.

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