Main Article Content
Context Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) is conjunctivitis caused by a group of adenoviruses.
Objective To assess factors that influence food stall traders’ knowledge and understanding
EKC form education media at Bangsaen Beach, Chonburi, Thailand.
Methods This was a cross-sectional analysis study including 111 food stall traders at Bangsaen
Beach. The participants answered a set of questionnaires: general data, attitudes toward
learning EKC (using 5-point Likert scale), knowledge and understanding the EKC before and
after learning EKC through education media (using 70% as passing level) and participants’
gratification toward the media (using 5-point Likert scale). The knowledge gap theory was used
to construct education media consisted of etiology, symptoms, management and prevention
through brochure, public address system, and LCD compact disc. The nonparametric chi square
was used to analyze the data.
Results Eighty-three point eight percent of the participants was Thai women, with 42.3%
between 41 and 60 years of age. Most had received primary school education (38.7%). The
majority of the participants had little knowledge of the disease before receiving information
through the media. Only 13.6% passed a pre-test while 93.1% passed the post-test. Furthermore,
most of the participants expressed a high level of satisfaction with the knowledge they received
through the media (55.9%). The level of education was the only factor that influenced on the
knowledge and understanding of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (χ2 = 39.64, p-value = .00).
Conclusions The level of education was only factor affecting the knowledge and understanding
of Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis among food stall traders at Bangsaen Beach, Thailand. The
knowledge can be bridged by providing the knowledge gap between what they know and what
they have to know.