Effects on maximum oxygen uptake and muscular strength during an interval training program for people working within confined spaces

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วิรัตน์ สนธิ์จันทร์
เอนก สูตรมงคล

Abstract

Objectives  To study the effects on maximum oxygen uptake and muscular strength during an interval training program at 70 – 75 percent maximum heart rate (MHR) .


Methods  A sample group of twenty-eight volunteers (all Bangpakong Power Plant workers with duties requiring them to work within confined spaces), participated in this study.  The interval training program exerted the subjects for three minutes at 70 -- 75 % MHR, with three-minute recovery periods at heart rates under 50 % MHR.  The interval training program took place three days a week for an eight-week training period.  The participants trained in 5 sets for the first four weeks (thirty minutes per day), and 6 sets in the last four weeks (thirty-six minutes per day).  The Astrand-Rhyming test and Grip and Leg strength tests were used to measure maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) and muscular strength, respectively.             A dependent t-test was utilized for pre-training and post-training data analysis, with the significance level set at 0.05.


Results  The results showed that after 8 weeks of interval training, the maximum oxygen uptake rates revealed statistically significant increases from 26.72 (SD 5.88) to 30.66 (SD 6.16) ml/kg-1/min-1.   Additionally, measurements of muscular strength showed statistically significant increases from 1.77 (SD 0.58) to 2.25 (SD 0.53) kg-1/weight (for leg strength).


Conclusion  It was found that after 8 weeks of the interval training program at 70 – 75 % maximum heart rate, maximum oxygen uptake and muscular strength in people working within confined spaces have predominantly improved.

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