Factors Associated with Preventive Behaviors of Work Related COVID-19 among Aging Taxi Drivers in Bangkok

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Amornrat Deesua
Wonpen Keawpan
Surintorn Kalampakorn
Jutatip Sillabutra

Abstract

            This research is a cross-sectional survey with a purpose of studying preventive behaviors of work related COVID-19 among aging taxi drivers in Bangkok. The sample were 364 aging taxi drivers registered with the Department of Land Transport in 2020 selected by systematic random sampling. The data were collected using interview form which had a content validity index of 0.96 and an acceptable reliability at 0.85 and 0.73. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square statistic, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analysis.
            The findings of this study showed that 69.4% of the sample had preventive behaviors of work related COVID-19 at a high level. Health beliefs, income adequacy and marital status were the three factors associated with work related COVID-19 prevention and could predict 28.9 percent of work related COVID-19 preventive behaviors among aging taxi drivers (R2 = .289, p-value < .001).
            The study suggest to promote personal preventive behaviors against COVID-19 by raising awareness about health beliefs especially avoiding risky behaviors and using personal protective equipment behaviors and family should be supportive.

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