Learning Management Strategies to Develop Nursing Students’ Research Competencies

Main Article Content

Artittaya Duangmanee


            Research process is a critical learning process in the 21st century. It enhances high level of intellectual skills and equips learners with life-long learning skills. Producing graduates who possess research competencies is a desirable feature of every field of study, including nursing. There is a clear need to develop and underscore the importance of the body of knowledge, innovation, and evidence-based nursing. Instructional design to develop nursing students’ research competencies can be achieved through both the research subjects and nursing subjects. The crucial strategy is to use learner-centered learning management that allow students to learn the subject matter and also develop the research competencies at the same time. The key content of this article derives from the literature review and data synthesis on the meaning and components of research competencies which are research knowledge, research skills and research mind. The article also introduces 5 learning management strategies to develop nursing students’ research competencies: 1. Using research-based learning, 2. Applying researcher mentoring system, 3. Using technology - enhanced learning, 4. Stimulating student interest and learning participation, and 5. Instilling professional ethics of a researcher. The suitable research competencies evaluation system is included to serve as a guideline for developing and assessing learning achievement. Various concrete examples are presented to ease the teaching and learning management accordingly.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Academic Article


Suwannoi P. Research-based learning: a development to research university. [Internet]. [cited 2021 December 5]. Available from: https://www.ubu.ac.th/web/files_up/46f2014110508440011.pdf. (in Thai).

Ministry of Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation. The Higher education, science, research and innovation policy and strategy (2020-2027). [Internet]. [cited 2021 December 5]. Available from: https://www.mhesi.go.th/index.php/stg-policy/930-2563-2570.html. (in Thai).

Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council. Nursing and midwifery strategic directions 2022 - 2026. Nonthaburi: Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council; 2022. (in Thai).

Office of the Higher Education Commission, Ministry of Education. Announcement of the Ministry of Education: qualification standard for bachelor’s degree in nursing B.E. 2560. [Internet]. [cited 2021 December 10]. Available from: http://www.mua.go.th/users/tqf-hed/news/data6/ประกาศ-ศธ-NQF-2560-พยาบาลศาสตร์-ป-ตรี.PDF. (in Thai).

Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council. Competencies of registered nurses (professional nurses with a bachelor degree). [Internet]. [cited 2021 December 5]. Available from: https://www.tnmc.or.th/images/userfiles/files/112.pdf. (in Thai).

Puttaruksa L, Subgranon R, Othaganont P. Factors leading to success in the implementation of evidence based nursing practice of professional nurses. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University 2016;24(3):94-103. (in Thai).

Poorananon P, Krirkgulthorn T. Factors predicting nursing student’s competency in evidence-based nursing. Journal of Nursing Science 2011;29(2):47-55. (in Thai).

Suvansarakun J. Need assessment for the development of nursing research competencies of nursing students. [Master’s Thesis, Faculty of Education]. Silpakorn University; 2020. (in Thai).

Boonpen P, Chaijookul Y, Yolao D. Research competency and the variables affecting successful research: a case study of national research universities. Kasem Bundit Journal 2018;19(1):73-88. (in Thai).

Muangkaew R, Sutthirat C, Panawong C. The development of blended learning instructional model based on research-based learning approach to enhance research competency of nursing students. The Journal of Baromarajonani College of Nursing, Nakornratchasima 2016;22(2):74-92. (in Thai).

Vadcharavivad A. A development of curriculum to enhance the research competencies for the nursing students. [Doctoral Dissertation, Faculty of Education]. Srinakharinwirot University; 2001. (in Thai).

Phothong W, Yamkasikorn M, Boonampai T, Hoksuwan P. A development of an instructional model to develop the research mind for undergraduate students in educational technology major. The Journal of Education Science, Silapakorn University 2013;10(2):96-110. (in Thai).

National Research Council of Thailand. Research code of conduct and code of practice. 2nd ed. Bangkok: CU print; 2012. (in Thai).

Sutthirat C. 80 Innovations: learner-centered learning management. 7th ed. Nonthaburi: P Balans Design and Printing; 2016. (in Thai).

Sinrarat P. Principles and techniques of teaching in higher education. 5th ed. Bangkok: Publisher of Chulalongkorn University; 2020. (in Thai).

Kammanee T. Learning management by students using research as part of the learning process. 2nd ed. Bangkok: Textbook and Academic Document Center of the Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University; 2005. (in Thai).

Singhasem P, Nawsuwan K, Suwanwaha S. Development of an instructional model to enhance gerontological nursing competencies among nursing students. Journal of Health Science 2019;28(Special Issue):65-78. (in Thai).

Parakho P, Kurat S, Kumsiriruk N, Kraichan K, Charoenpan K. The development of organizing research-based learning in the health promotion course, Srimahasarakham Nursing College. Journal of Nursing and Health Care 2016;34(2):115-22. (in Thai).

Montong A, Kitnopkiat K, Thanaboonpuang P. A learning achievement of third year nursing students in nursing care of persons with mental health problems course through research-based learning. Hua Hin Sook Jai Klai Kangwon Journal 2020;5(3):45-54. (in Thai).

Tangpathomwong C, Boonmas N, Tilkarayasurp S, Srijanchai J, Boranmoon G, Sridan W. Effect of research based learning program on cognitive skill of nursing students. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses 2018;19(2):259-66. (in Thai).

Lateh A. The effect of research-based learning on the achievement in statistics course and research skills of undergraduate student. Research Methodology & Cognitive Science 2017;15(2):120-32. (in Thai).

Vibulchai N, Anekwit N, Taiwong A, Saenchan M, Bundittharwon K. Development of a clinical instructional model using a research-based approach to enhance the ability in creating nursing innovation for nursing students. Journal of Nursing and Education 2020;13(2):77-92. (in Thai).

Poovorawan Y. Mentor: research mentor. In: Thebtaranonth Y, Tangboriboonrat P, editors. Mentor-mentee-mentoring. 2nd ed. Bangkok: Thai Academy of Science and Technology Foundation; 2009. p. 29-34. (in Thai).

Wongyai, W, Phatphol, M. Coaching to enhance competency. Bangkok: Innovative Leaders Center of Curriculum and Learning; 2019. (in Thai).

Kessler TA, Alverson EM. Mentoring undergraduate nursing student in research. Nursing Education Perspectives 2014;35(4):262-64.

Kennel S, Burns S, Horn H. Stimulating student interest in nursing research: a program pairing students with practicing clinician researchers. Journal of Nursing Education 2009;48(4):209-12.

Tongsamsi I, Tongsamsi K. Meta-analysis of research on instruction methods in research methodology and research data analysis courses princess of Naradhiwas University. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 2021;8(2):127-46. (in Thai).

Phillips RM. Creative classroom strategies for teaching nursing research. Nurse Educator 2014;39(4):199-201.

Liou SR, Cheng CY, Tsai HM, Chang CH. Innovative strategies for teaching nursing research in Taiwan. Nursing Research 2013;62(5):335-43.

Benjakul P. Stop! plagiarism. Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Sappasitthiprasong 2009;7(2):1-9. (in Thai).

Yaemsuda T. Academic dishonesty: the problem that weakens the strength of the society. Royal Thai Navy Medical Journal 2017;44(3):175-81. (in Thai).

Qiu C, Feng X, Reinhardt JD, Li J. Development and psychometric testing of the research competency scale for nursing student: an instrument design study. Nurse Education Today 2019;79:198-203.

Grande RAN, Berdida DJE, Villagracia HN, Ablao JN, Garcia PRB. Assessment of nursing students’ research competencies with competency-based education. The Journal of Competency-Based Education 2021;6(4):211-21.

Most read articles by the same author(s)