The Effects of a Nursing Student Training Program for Providing Smoking Cessation Services in the Community

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Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai
Sasitorn Roojanavech

Abstract

            The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to study the effects of a nursing student training program for providing smoking cessation services to the community. The samples were 70 nursing students divided into two groups: 35 of them were the experimental group and the other 35 were the control group. The program was operated upon the experimental group for one day and then follow-up procedures were done to obtain the immediate post-training and the 6-week post-training results. Meanwhile, the control group received the documents related to smoking and smoking cessation services. The data were collected by using pre-training, immediate post-training, and 6-week post-training self-administered questionnaires. The data were analyzed by using one-way repeated measures ANOVA to compare the mean differences of the knowledge, the attitude and the self-efficacy related to smoking cessation services. The dependent t-test was used to compare the mean difference of the smoking cessation services. In addition, the independent t-test was also used to compare the mean difference between the experimental and the control group.
            The results of the study revealed that the mean scores of the knowledge and the self-efficacy related to smoking cessation services during the 6-week post-training were significantly higher than both the pre-training and immediate post-training (p < .01). The mean scores of the attitude related to smoking cessation services during the 6-week post-training were significantly higher than those of the pre-training (p < .05) as well. However, it was found that the mean scores of the attitude between the pre-training and the immediate post-training were not significantly different. The mean scores of smoking cessation services in the community during the 6-week post-training were significantly higher than those of the pre-training (p < .01). At the 6-week post-training time, the mean scores of the knowledge, the attitude, the self-efficacy and smoking cessation services of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group (p < .01). The study suggested that the nursing-student training program for providing smoking cessation services in the community was successful in improving their knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, and their smoking cessation services. The next study should develop a continuous, up-to-date, easy and convenient access to the information on other forms of smoking cessation training programs for nursing students practicing in other fields to strengthen and enhance their capacities in providing smoking cessation services as well.

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References

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