Maritime and Aquatic Life Support (MALS) Programs: 10 Years of a New Paradigm for Bridging the Competency Gaps

Main Article Content

Thanasawat Chaiyakul




Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Special Topic


DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. [Internet]. [cited 2020 October 1]. Available from:

EMERGENCY MEDICINE ACT, B.E. 2551 (2008) Published in the Government Gazette, Vol. 125, Part 44 Kor, Page 1, dated 6th March B.E.2551 (2008).

National Institute of Emergency Medicine. National Institute of Emergency Medicine’s Mission. [Internet]. [cited 2020 October 1]. Available from:


Chaiyakul T, editor. Maritime Aquatic Life Support guideline manual. Bangkok: Ultimate Printing Publishing; 2014. (in Thai).

Chaiyakul T, Suwansiri P, Mesan S and Jaisan S. Development of the Maritime and Aquatic Life Support (MALS) training course in Thailand. In: 7th Asian Conference on Emergency Medicine (ACEM 2013); October 23-25, 2013. Tokyo: Japan.

Chaiyakul T, Sawangwong C, Palagawong Na Ayutthaya S, Pimpanon G. Maritime and Aquatic Life Support (MALS) a new paradigm in bridging the gap of aquatic emergency medical management in Thailand. In: World Conference for Drowning Prevention 2015 (WCDP 2015); November 4, 2015. Penang: Malaysia.

Yaemsuda T, editor. MALS training course in 100 years of Naval Medical Department. Bangkok: Alphabet Publishing; 2016. p. 272-3. (in Thai).